Installing GFCI protection no ground

Old 11-18-17, 10:11 AM
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Installing GFCI protection no ground

I have three circuits (out of twenty total) where the wiring is old 1950s cloth romex with no bare copper where I am going to protect with a GFCI receptacle as a first device.

I have read somewhere that the first GFCI receptacle must have ground connection to the panel...and it turns out I couldn't put a GFCI receptacle conveniently at the first box anyways because two of them are ceiling boxes, and one of them is a metal handy box in a closet where no one would think of looking there to test/reset. So I decided to mount a three gang switch box right below the panel and run the wiring to the three GFCI receptacles, then back to the panel where they go where they go.


(1) Since I connected the metal box to the panel with EMT, there is already EGC so there is no need to run a green conductor down there, correct? Or do I still need one? Doesn't matter either way it's easy enough to do just wanted to make sure.

(2) Even if I could "conveniently" and practically fit a GFCI receptacle as a first in line device, in this case it wouldn't offer any protection because I don't have ground from the panel to the GFCI anyway, correct?
Old 11-18-17, 10:16 AM
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A GFI does not need a grounding means to function.

Metallic conduit can be used as a grounding means.
Old 11-20-17, 01:38 PM
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A GFI works by comparing the current between the hot and neutral wires. If the current in the hot wire is 5mA greater than the neutral, the GFI trips.

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