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Code for nailing framing?


syakoban's Avatar
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Join Date: Jan 2005
Posts: 585
NJ

04-09-07, 06:00 PM   #1  
Code for nailing framing?

Here in NJ we're under IRC 2001. Where can I find the proper info on nailing per code? For example: what size, how many nails, configuration, etc. for nailing studs to plates. That sort of thing...

Thanks guys!

 
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Wirepuller38's Avatar
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Posts: 6,190
TN

04-10-07, 05:53 AM   #2  
Code Question

Google "International Residential Code 2001".

You may have to buy a book or go to the library. I am not sure you will find the specific code details you need online. Good luck.

 
JoeTheZombie's Avatar
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04-10-07, 08:42 AM   #3  
This was taken from the 2003 International Building Code. Your local area may have adopted a different version, or have their own regulations; definitely check with your building department to avoid costly mistakes.

Joist to sill or girder (toenail)
3 - 8d common
3 - 3″ 0.131″ nails
3 - 3″ 14 gage staples

Bridging to joist (toenail)
2 - 8d common
2 - 3″ 0.131″ nails
2 - 3″14 gage staples

1" 6" subfloor or less to each joist (face nail)
2 - 8d common

Wider than 1" 6" subfloor to each joist (face nail)
3 - 8d common

2" subfloor to joist or girder (blind and face nail)
2 - 16d common

Sole plate to joist or blocking (typical face nail)
16d at 16" o.c.
3" 0.131" nails at 8" o.c.
3" 14 gage staples at 12" o.c.

Sole plate to joist or blocking at braced wall panel
3 - 16d at 16"
4 - 3" 0.131" nails at 16"
4 - 3" 14 gage staples per 16"

Top plate to stud (end nail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Stud to sole plate (toenail)
4 - 8d common
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Stud to sole plate (end nail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Double studs (face nail)
16d at 24" o.c.
3" 0.131″ nail at 8" o.c.
3" 14 gage staple at 8" o.c.

Double top plates (typical face nail)
16d at 16" o.c.
3" 0.131″ nail at 12" o.c.
3" 14 gage staple at 12" o.c.

Double top plates (lap splice)
8 - 16d common
12 - 3" 0.131" nails
12 - 3" 14 gage staples

Blocking between joists or rafters to top plate (toenail)
3 - 8d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Rim joist to top plate (toenail)
8d at 6" (152 mm) o.c.
3" 0.131" nail at 6" o.c.
3" 14 gage staple at 6" o.c.

Top plates, laps and intersections (face nail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Continuous header, two pieces
16d common 16" o.c. along edge

Ceiling joists to plate (toenail)
3 - 8d common
5 - 3" 0.131" nails
5 - 3" 14 gage staples

Continuous header to stud (toenail)
4 - 8d common

Ceiling joists, laps over partitions (face nail)
See Table 2308.10.4.1
3 - 16d common minimum
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
4 - 3" 14 gage staples

Ceiling joists to parallel rafters (face nail)
See Table 2308.10.4.1
3 - 16d common minimum
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
4 - 3" 14 gage staples

Rafter to plate (toenail)
see Table 2308.10.1
3 - 8d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

1" diagonal brace to each stud and plate (face nail)
2 - 8d common
2 - 3" 0.131" nails
2 - 3" 14 gage staples face nail

1" 8" sheathing to each bearing wall (face nail)
2 - 8d common

Wider than 1" 8" sheathing to each bearing (face nail)
3 - 8d common face nail

Built-up corner studs
16d common @ 24" o.c.
3" 0.131" nails @ 16" o.c.
3" 14 gage staples @ 16" o.c.

Built-up girder and beams (face nail at top and bottom staggered on opposite sides)
20d common 32" o.c.
3" 0.131″ nail at 24" o.c.
3" 14 gage staple at 24" o.c.

Built-up girder and beams (face nail at ends and at each splice)
2 - 20d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

2" planks (at each bearing)
16d common

Collar tie to rafter (face nail)
3 - 10d common
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
4 - 3" 14 gage staples face nail

Jack rafter to hip (toenail)
3 - 10d common
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
4 - 3" 14 gage staples

Jack rafter to hip (face nail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Roof rafter to 2-by ridge beam (toenail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Roof rafter to 2-by ridge beam (face nail)
2 - 16d common
3 - 3" 0.131" nails
3 - 3" 14 gage staples

Joist to band joist (face nail)
3 - 16d common
5 - 3" 0.131" nails
5 - 3" 14 gage staples

Ledger strip (face nail)
3 - 16d common
4 - 3" 0.131" nails
4 - 3" 14 gage staples

 
syakoban's Avatar
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04-10-07, 11:30 AM   #4  
Thanks Joe... that's what I am looking for!

 
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04-12-07, 07:02 AM   #5  
I just used 16d common on all my framing & 8d for sheathing. I asked a structural engineer if that was ok & he said no problem. I did not like the idea of changing nails in my framing nailer every 2 minutes. I doubt an inspector will check your nail sizes.

 
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04-12-07, 09:04 AM   #6  
I used 16d most of the time, too. But I did have to revert to smaller nails for toenailing studs... 4 16d nails tend to split the stud.

The inspector on my last project did not check nail size, but did check spacing and number of nails. The inspector on the job previous to that one didn't even check nailing at all (well, maybe very quickly in his head).

 
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