Garbage Disposal - Direct wire or outlet?

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Old 11-26-15, 06:34 PM
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Garbage Disposal - Direct wire or outlet?

Happy Thanksgiving!
I need to replace my garbage disposal tomorrow.
The current one has the romex running directly into the disposal - hard wired.

While I'm doing the work, is there any advantage to installing a surface mount box and outlet and installing a "whip"/ power cord on the disposer?

Thanks for your advice.
 
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Old 11-26-15, 06:38 PM
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Code requires a disconnect means for servicing. A cord with plug and a receptacle is ideal.
 
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Old 11-26-15, 06:55 PM
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Thanks. The builder installed the original 15 years ago.

Do I need a gfci outlet?
 
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Old 11-26-15, 07:04 PM
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In the newest code it's required. It's a good idea anyway.
 
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Old 11-26-15, 07:15 PM
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Got it. I appreciate your help!
 
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Old 11-27-15, 04:20 AM
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Note that your LOCAL electrical code may require hard-wired appliances. Since only local code has any enforcement provisions that is the code you must follow.
 
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Old 11-27-15, 06:20 AM
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My 2 cents. Almost every time I have removed a disposer that was hard-wired, it was poorly wired or poorly grounded or not grounded at all.
I guess people are not used to working in such tight quarters, such as the restricted length of the cable or flex and the small wiring box on the disposer.
You can check with the local inspector, but I would say a cord with proper strain relief is the way to go always. Same for dishwashers.
 
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Old 11-27-15, 08:19 AM
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Thanks, everyone. Just wrapped up my little project. Installed a surface mount box and disposer with proper cord. Only 2 trips to home depot and now going for the 3rd time to return extras. I estimated 4 total trips for this project so I'm doing good!

Y'all are the best! Happy holidays!
 
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Old 11-27-15, 08:32 AM
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In the newest code it's required
I know the dishwasher is required to have GFCI protection, but I do not recall the garbage disposal required to have GFCI protection. Do you have a code reference handy?
 
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Old 11-27-15, 08:59 AM
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This is from NEC Articles | 2014 NEC Changes

210.8(A)(7) GFCI PROTECTION FOR PERSONNEL. DWELLING UNITS.


Any 125 V, single-phase, 15- or 20- amp receptacle within 6 ft. of the outside edge of a sink in a dwelling unit must now have ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection. This requirement is now for kitchens as well as other areas of the dwelling unit. This includes receptacles for a garbage disposal, refrigerator, or range hood, if they are within 6 ft. of the sink. The distance does not have to be horizontal, so a receptacle on a kitchen island would require GFCI protection if the shortest route to the sink was less than 6 ft.
 
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Old 11-27-15, 01:47 PM
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Thank you Gibbsn. That was the change in 2014 NEC I was looking for.
 
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Old 11-28-15, 09:23 AM
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The distance does not have to be horizontal, so a receptacle on a kitchen island would require GFCI protection if the shortest route to the sink was less than 6 ft.
I thought receptacles on a kitchen island were already required to be GFCI protected regardless of proximity to the kitchen sink.
 
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Old 11-28-15, 09:45 AM
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Serving the island counter top, yes. Inside the cabinet, no.
 
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