A dripper system, also called drip irrigation, is popular in areas where sources of water may be limited. It's not uncommon to see fruit and vegetable farms and garden nurseries utilize this system of watering. There are some definite advantages to using this type of watering system.
A dripper system works by delivering water to the ground itself instead of watering on top of plants. Because the water is delivered under the foliage of the plant, there will be less evaporation. This benefits the plants by allowing the proper amount of moisture to be maintained and lowers water costs since not as much water is wasted.
Reduced Risk of Disease
Many diseases that affect plants can be caused by wet foliage. Since a drip irrigation system doesn't water the leaves and foliage, they remain dry, reducing the risk of disease. It can also lower the harmful pest population by not giving them an easy water source.
Since some plants will require more or less water than others, a drip irrigation system can benefit gardens and farms that have multiple plants. The individual nozzles can be adjusted independently of one another. This will allow for different amounts of water and different pressure to be delivered on each nozzle. This prevents entire fields from being watered unnecessarily. Since the systems can be automated, it will also reduce the amount of labor required.
Since the surface of the soil will remain dry, it makes transferring plants much easier. It can also make the process of applying medication to specific plants easier since you don't have to worry about any of it being wasted, or run to other plants through the water.
Since the surface is dry, harvesting fruits or vegetables is much easier. It will require less effort and make the process faster and smoother.
Cut Back on Unwanted Growth
Since a dripper system is set up specifically where the plants are, areas in between rows of crops will remain unwatered. This leads to less unwanted growth. It is easier to maintain plants that are prone to spreading wildly. It also reduces the amount of labor with weeding and pulling up unwanted growth.
Although a dripper system will require an initial investment and some costs associated with maintenance, the amount of money saved in water can be worth the effort, especially for small farms. Since the watering is more targeted, and it's focused on the root system, plants can be watered less frequently without sacrificing the quality of the plants. Instead of watering daily, many who use drip irrigation find that they can cut back to watering only a few times a week. The savings this brings can help pay for the system in just a few seasons.
Drip irrigation systems can be helpful for many people. However, there are a few drawbacks, and they aren't for everybody. Nozzles in the system need to be maintained regularly to prevent clogging. The initial investment can also be quite high. For those who deal with high value crops, the drip system can be a huge advantage.