Choosing from the various work bench designs will be dependent upon the types of projects you will be doing as well as the place in which the workbench will be installed. You will want to consider spacing and storage of different tools and materials like screws and such. Some workbenches are easy to assemble if they have a simple design while the more complex workbenches will require a good attention to detail and skill. Here are some different types of workbench designs.
1. Table Workbench
A bench could be simply a hardwood tabletop (or metal tabletop) with sturdy wooden or metal legs to hold it up. These types of workbenches are typically used for heavy duty projects because of its ability to handle heavy objects and some relatively hard hits and bangs. They are also easy to replace and install.
This table doesn’t do well in regards for storage. Having this type of workbench assumes you have other means of storing tools and materials.
2. Cabinet Style Workbench
If you are the type of handyman who has a large collection of equipment, tools, and materials and also like them to be within easy reach as you work on your project, a cabinet style workbench will work well. Drawers will be either underneath the table, on top, or both. This type of workbench will often have a pegboard alongside the wall, convenient for hanging tools for easy access.
3. Portable and Multipurpose Workbench
The portable workbench will be small, collapsible, and relatively light. They are ideal for the handy-person who has various types of work to do in multiple places.
4. Power Strip Workbench
This type of workbench will have multiple power outlets mounted at strategic and convenient positions around the bench as well as heavy duty power cords. This is for the power tool maniac.
5. Woodworking Workbenches
Specialized workbenches can be designed for making furniture, cabinets, trimming, or hobby carving. These types of workbenches will have a dog ear or planning stop, which is a small piece of metal or wooden peg that the work is pressed against. The tabletop may also have hard-points, which are simply nuts embedded into the wood, which make it easier to bolt a tool or jig to for making disassembling and reassembly easy.
6. Metalworking Workbenches
These types of benches will be hardcore and able to handle the harshness of forging, casting, grinding, and welding. A vise will often be mounted at the tabletop.
7. Jeweler and Watchmaker Workbench
This is a specialized workbench that will have a small wooden surface that sticks out, close to the worker for close detailed work on small objects. There will also be a surface underneath to easily catch fallen stones or pieces that wouldn’t be found well on the floor.
8. Gardening Workbenches
These types of benches will be built to handle the constant exposure to dirt and moisture. The wood will be treated to prevent rotting and mold growth.
9. Art and Sculpture Workbenches
These types of benches will often be round so that the work can be accessed from all sides. Sculptures, carvers of wood and stone, pottery makers, and other artists use this type of workbench.
10. Laboratory Workbenches
These are the more delicate type of workbenches. Harsh power tools won’t be beating the tabletops. They will serve the biological and chemical scientists. They will be found in hospitals and science labs. Water and gas sources will be fixed in convenient spots and the tabletop will be a smooth slate. It will be made out of metal for easy cleaning and the most efficient management of infectious or toxic contaminants.