12 Different Types of Jointers Explained

Looking for jointers to help you work on your project? Don't fret, because in this article you will learn about the 4 different major types of jointers, information about each type and 8 other types of jointers. A jointer is an industrial equipment used to cut through various woodworking tasks in order to make a straight and smooth finish. After cutting a tree at a lumber mill, the wood ends up twisting or curling. So how will you use it for furniture or wood panels? The perfect solution would be to cut it using a jointer.

There are several types that are especially made for specific types of projects. Each jointer provides a different kind of finish depending on the job type. Find out more about these types of jointers below.

1. Closed-Stand Jointers

This the most common jointer you can find in the market today. It comes in four sizes namely, 6, 8, 12 and 16 inches. This jointer comes in an enclosed base to keep the motor and at the same time protect it from dust. It also decreases the noise and vibration when cutting wood. The enclosure adds more weight to the jointer, giving it more stability and protection.

2. Open Stand Jointers

This type of jointer is one of the less expensive ones that is easy to move and transport. However, it can be a bit noisier than other jointers that have closed cabinet machines since the motor is exposed. Thus, the name open-stand.

3. Benchtop Jointers

These types of jointers are the baby versions of table jointers mentioned in the first kind. This will work for smaller projects. However, if you want a stronger and larger board, this will not be able to accommodate that. Its maximum cutting width is only 6 inches.

4. Jointer or Planers

Some machines are a combination of a jointer and a planer in one. A planer allows you to cut wood according to specific dimensions. At the same time, it allows you to create a flat surface. You will find that there are two kinds of combination jointer/planers one being the over/under combination and the other one is a side-by-side combination. The over/under combination has a single cutter and a single table. So in order to switch from a jointer to a planer, you will need to adjust some settings. On the other hand, a side-by-side combination has a jointer fixed next to a planer. The advantage of this type of jointer is that you don't have to purchase a separate planer equipment. You'll be able to save hundreds of dollars by having a machine that combines the functionality of a jointer table and a planer. At the same time, you will also be able to save on work space.

8 Other Types of Jointers

Many other types of jointers can be found in the market. You can further classify them into the following types:

  1. Flat Combination Jointers – comes in two sizes
  2. Acrylic Jointers – comes in four sizes
  3. Brick Jointers – comes in twelve sizes
  4. Bit-grapevine – comes in three sizes
  5. Grapevine – comes in one size
  6. Barrel – comes in one size only
  7. Interchangeable – comes in four sizes
  8. Heavy-duty – comes in size sizes