The popularity of bonsai trees has surged along with the increasing popularity of Japanese style gardens and homes around the world. Basically, bonsai is a miniaturization of plants and trees. The art of shaping and molding semi-woody or woody plants into small trees grown in containers is considered bonsai. If you are planning to embark on a project of making bonsai plants or trees, it is important that you closely inspect your plant or tree so you can have a better idea of what style and design is appropriate to the type of tree that you have. Below are some of the most popular bonsai tree styles you can easily cultivate at home.
Style #1: Moyogi
One of the most popular (and easiest) bonsai tree styles that you can do at home is called the Moyogi, or informal upright. In fact, majority of bonsai plants or trees belong to this category. In this particular style, the trunk of the tree that you use does not really have to be perfectly upright. The only thing that you need to remember in maintaining this particular style is that the apex of the tree should be directly above its base. It really does not matter if it is slightly angled backward or forward. Beginners should try this style first because it can be used in almost any type of shrub or tree.
Style #2: Chokkan
The formal upright bonsai tree style is called Chokkan. This is similar to Moyogi except that the trunk of the tree used for this style should be perfectly upright or straight and tapered. You also need to ensure that the branches of your tree are distributed evenly so you can achieve this particular style. One thing you need to remember about Chokkan is that the surface roots of the tree should develop properly so that your bonsai plant will look stable. Near the apex, the branches of your bonsai plant should be short so you can achieve a rectangular outline. Normally, a rectangular pot is ideal for this style.
Style #3: Kengai
If you see that the tree you have chosen is growing downward instead of upward, then the Kengai (or cascade) is the ideal bonsai tree style to use. It is important for you to use a pot that is deep so that your tree will be stable even if its branches are cascading. Since the base will be considered as the apex of the tree, you need to ensure that you regularly prune the apex so that the branches that are growing below will have more light and food.
Style #4: Hokidachi
The bonsai tree style that looks like an upturned broom is called Hokidachi. This style is actually ideal for maples, elms and zelkovas. Aside from choosing a tree with a straight trunk, you also need a woody plant that has fine and thin branches. Also, you have to make sure that the branches of your Hokidachi bonsai plant should grow at about a third of the tree’s height. This style, which usually takes longer to achieve than the others, is best viewed during the winter season.