4 Dangers of Asbestos Insulation 4 Dangers of Asbestos Insulation

Asbestos insulation became highly popular in the manufacturing and construction business in the late 19th century because the heat resistive properties it possesses. While it is still widely used in various countries around the world, some countries including the European Union has banned its use completely. The declining trend in the use of asbestos insulation can be largely owed to the hazardous health risks it can cause if the fibers that comprise it become a part of the air someone breathes in. Some of the common dangers asbestos insulation pose are:

1. Risk of Developing Cancer

The inhalation of asbestos fibers present in the air can lead to various illnesses including lung cancer, mesothelioma (a cancer that is associated with continuous exposure to asbestos) and asbestosis which is a type of pneumoconiosis. The people who are at the highest risk of prolonged exposure and disease are asbestos insulation processing plant employees or workers whose job is to handle and install asbestos insulation. As any kind of insulation is usually present in the attic of the house, family members who go up there frequently are at an increased risk of developing illnesses given that the insulation is damaged and asbestos fibers are present in the air.

2. Risk of Developing Asbestos Warts

Due to increased and prolonged exposure to asbestos fibers present in the asbestos insulation, the skin may get irritated or damaged due to the occurrence of warts which can be recognized as hard callus-liked growths. Asbestos fibers are microscopic in size and tend be needle-like and sharp making them easy to penetrate the skin. Fortunately, asbestos warts are known to be non-cancerous and do not cause serious illnesses making them relatively harmless. In some cases, they just act as a sign of asbestos exposure.

3. Risk of Developing Pleural Plaques

Pleural plaques are localized scars or thickened areas of the skin that develop in response to an exposure to asbestos fibers present in the air. In case the asbestos insulation present in someone’s house is damaged resulting in an increased exposure, one may find an accumulation of pleural plaques on the inside of the diaphragm or very rarely, near the ribcage. However, pleural plaques may not appear on the human body till twenty years of exposure to asbestos fibers and are only detectable through the use of an X-ray.

4. Risk of Developing Asbestosis

Asbestosis is a medical condition associated with a chronic inflammation of the lungs. It usually occurs after a long term or high intensity exposure to asbestos fibers present in the air due to damaged asbestos insulation. Similar to pleural plaques, asbestosis does not develop in a person before twenty years of exposure to asbestos fibers. However, when it does happen, it considerably lowers lung volume which may prove to have life-threatening consequences on an individual. In rare cases, it may also eventually lead to a failure of the heart.


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