4 Different Types of Pine Lumber
Pine lumber is cut from evergreen pine trees, which are found to be abundant all across the globe. This kind of lumber is considered softwood, but it is preferred in most construction projects and in making furniture or crafts. Compared to hardwood trees, pine trees grow faster so the supply for this kind of lumber can be easily replenished. Below are the main types of pine wood available in the United States.
1. Southern Yellow Pine
As the name implies, the cross section of the Southern Yellow Pine lumber has a bright yellow color. Even if pine wood is generally considered softwood, this particular variety of pine is a popular choice in construction projects because of its high density and strength. In fact, of all the pine woods available in the market, the Southern Yellow Pine has the highest load bearing capacity, which makes it ideal for making boats, flooring materials and other carpentry jobs.
The Southern Yellow Pine is also the least expensive of all the types of pine wood because it is very abundant and available in all sorts of commercial cuts. The three most popular pines that Southern Yellow Pine can be made from are the Shortleaf, Longleaf, and the Loblolly pine varieties. In order to bring out the best in this type of lumber, you must stick to dark red or brown stains or to weathered effects when applying the final finish.
2. White Pine
The White Pine is native to North America. It is also known as Eastern White Pine, Soft Pine or Northern White Pine. Most White Pine planks come from California, the Eastern and Northern states, or the regions surrounding the Great Lakes. This type of wood is soft and is not ideal for home or building construction. However, its color and softness make it ideal for carpentry, handicrafts, and furniture. Many craftsmen prefer White Pine over other wood types because it is resistant to swelling, shrinking, warping and splitting. Actually, this pine variety has the ability to retain its shape longer.
3. Blue Pine
The only difference between a Blue Pine and a Southern Yellow Pine is the color. The Blue Pine has a bluish, brownish or grayish stain on its grains because of the dark fungus living on it. You will not have any problems with this type of wood when it comes to strength because it has a high load bearing capacity. However, finding the right finish can be difficult because some parts of the wood may retain the dark bluish color even after the staining process.
4. Deal Pine
Deal Pine planks are imported from Europe, particularly from Poland, Sweden, Norway and Russia. This type of wood can also be sourced in commercial quantities from Northern Asia. It is available in red and yellow varieties. The distinguishing factor of Deal Pine is the knotty lines along the grains, which make it ideal for use in paneling and wooden doors. This wood type can also be used to make furniture and home interior structures. In the US, some White Pine planks are washed with ammonia and sanded to appear yellow and have the knotty patterns unique to Deal Pine lumber.