5 Types of Pipe Clamps

Pipe clamps fall under the category of pipe fasteners and are widely used to serve the purpose of securing piping in a variety of installations--especially those concerned with construction and plumbing. They are also used in woodworking for clamping several boards together to make table tops or structures of a cabinet. Pipe clamps come in different sizes, materials and types, with each type having unique mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Some common types of pipe clamps are listed below.

Rigid Clamps

Rigid clamps are usually made from hard iron or steel which makes these clamps suitable for fixture building and allows fast locking and unlocking. Pipes can easily be inserted into these clamps and locked to an accurate position. Rigid clamps closely resemble traditional styled pipe clamps and are ideal for minimizing leakage. Rigid clamps are often used in the construction of milling and shaping machines.

Adjustable Clamps

Steel, aluminum and plastic often comprise the base material for these clamps. The biggest advantage of adjustable clamps is that they can be used for a wide range of pipe sizes. The size of the clamp can be changed easily in accordance to the diameter of the pipe by tightening or loosening the screw attached to the clamp. This allows the clamp to be reused for another pipe which has a different diameter, hence making it economical to buy.

Cushioned Clamps

Cushioned clamps have a unique long-lasting and protective cushion that allows protection from marring and corrosion. These clamps can be used for a variety of pipe surfaces, such as wood, metal and plastic, but are specially recommended for the clamping and suspension of non-insulated pipes. Using this type often makes clamping easy as it allows a slight difference in pipe size to be compensated due to the flexibility of the cushion. Cushioned clamps prevent corrosion and absorb vibrations and shock. Additionally, these clamps provide noise reduction which may be beneficial during construction. Cushioned clamps are typically manufactured from steel and stainless steel and are easy to install.

U-bolt Clamps

Available to fit a range of diameter sizes, u-bolt clamps have 4 components, namely the saddle, U-bolt and 2 hex nuts. For proper installation, the nuts of the clamp require tightening and, once that is done, these clamps can sustain a tremendous amount of weight. U-bolt pipe clamps can be used to secure a pair of pipes or tubes together and are often referred to as saddle clamps. U-bolt clamps are manufactured from steel, aluminum and malleable iron castings.

Swivel Crossover Clamps

Swivel crossover clamps generally consists of a couple of half fittings which are bolted together. This feature of swivel crossover clamps allows full rotation of the pipes to any desired angle between 0 and 360, making them ideal for crossbracing. These pipe clamps are generally easy to install and operate and can be used to build racks, railings and other structures. Moreover, they can be added on to existing pipe structures easily without undergoing the hassle of dismantling them.