Spring season sees many gardening lovers who are busy planning new rose gardens or rejuvenating the existing ones. Previously established rose bushes sprout new buds and bloom during this season. However, irrespective of the season, every gardening enthusiast can give a boost to their rose bud blooms by taking a few important points into consideration.
Tip #1: Supplement Necessary Nutrients
Treat your rose bushes with nutrient supplements that are commercially available or with some effective home-made mixtures. A commonly used home-made supplement is prepared by mixing equal amounts of gypsum, greensand, Epsom salt, fish meal, and alfalfa meal with half the amount of bone meal in a tub. Such supplements are ideally worked into the soil after which the plants are watered well. This is usually done during the spring, but it can be repeated again around June to boost the rose bud blooms.
Tip #2: Prune the Outward Facing Buds
The aged and diseased canes of the rose bushes have to be pruned periodically; this not only helps in maintaining the overall form and beauty of the rose bush, but also stimulates the development of newer shoots and buds. This, in turn, results in more blooms. While pruning, it is essential that you cut above a bud facing outside rather than an inward-facing one. By pruning in this manner, most of the incident light and air falls on the center of the bush. To ensure healthy growth, make the cut at the most appropriate point on the cane—one that is neither too close to the bud nor too far away from it. A cut made too close to the bud prevents its growth, while one made far from it results in the death of the remaining length of cane.
Top #3: Fight Bud Disease with Compost
The majority of infections affecting rose buds are caused by fungal and bacterial agents. The extensive application of compost tea to the affected plant helps fight bud disease in roses.
Tip #4: Avoid Using Chemical Fertilizers
Chemical fertilizers act as enemies of the favorable bacterial life that otherwise thrive in the soil and, thus, negatively affect plant growth and development. Therefore, it would be a good idea to avoid the use of such chemical formulations for feeding the rose plants. Keep a check on the appearance of the first buds as this is the right time to feed the plants with a good-quality organic feed, such as fish emulsion, to promote the formation of bloom.
Tip #5: Protect Your Bloom Buds from Winter Damage
Winter season brings the chances of freeze damage to the plants. By covering the bud union with compost mulch, it is possible to successfully prevent it from getting damaged. For the best results, ensure that the covering is done in late November or early December. Use a shovel to spread the mulch around the bud union and form a heap of either mulch or leaves around it.
Tip #6: Rose Boosting
Professionals involved in rose cultivation commonly use solutions for boosting the growth of their plants. An easy recipe for the preparation of such a solution involves mixing warm tea with hydrogen peroxide, whiskey, and vitamin B1. This is followed by the addition of liquid detergent after which the mixture is left under the sun for some time. The mixture would then be ready for application to the root zone.