Toggle bolts, also known as wall anchors, are handy for hanging heavy objects on walls. They are usually made of metal and have sturdy wings that serve as an anchor base, making them stronger and more durable than regular bolts or nails.
Even though toggle bolts are tough, they do have their limits. Understanding just how much weight a specific bolt can take is critical not just for proper use, but for safety. The amount can vary depending on the size of the anchor and the wall you are using it on. Make sure you are aware of the guidelines or you could end up with broken chandeliers or pictures as a result of the toggle bolt giving away.
How to Use a Toggle Bolt
Step 1 - Drilling
Start by drilling a hole for the bolt. Make sure it is large enough to allow the toggle to go through.
Step 2 - Placing the Screw
First, separate the toggle and screw, and then attach the screw to whatever it is you want to hang on the wall. Then attach the toggle back to the screw. Now you need to turn the toggle far enough up the screw that the toggle does not turn sideway,s as this will stop the toggle from opening itself later.
Step 3 - Suspending the Object
Next hold the object you want to hang to the location where the hole is drilled and push the toggle through the hole. When you hear the toggle wings pop, you can pull the screw back and secure and tighten it.
For a 3/8-inch gypsum
wallboard, a 1/8-inch anchor can hold a maximum of 150 pounds. If the wallboard is slightly thicker at 3/4 inches, then the same bolt can work with the wall to support up to 310 pounds.
As the anchor sizes increase, you will be able to add more and more weight. However, even the strongest possible pairing, a 3/4-inch wall thickness with a 1/2-inch anchor tops out at 600 pounds. The most weight a 3/16-inch anchor will take is 420 pounds.
Other anchor-to-weight combinations for a 3/4-inch wallboard include: 1/4-inch anchors that can take 445 pounds, 5/16-inch anchors up to 510 pounds, and 3/8-inch anchors that can hold 530 pounds.
C-90 Hollow Block (1 1/2-inch wall)
An anchor sized at 1/8 inches can take 310 pounds, at 3/16 inches it can take 700 pounds, and a 1/4-inch anchor in a 1 1/2-inch thick wall can take 1,390 pounds. This increases to a whopping 3,620 pounds for a 1/2-inch anchor with a 1 1/4-inch embedded depth.
Other issues you should be aware of is the importance of not tightening the toggle bolt too much. A too-tight toggle bolt will end up either damaging the wall or breaking under pressure. Make sure that you tighten it properly, but do not go overboard, as that will only end up causing damage.