A Step by Step Tree Planting Guide A Step by Step Tree Planting Guide
Tree planting is an effectively beautiful and pleasant way to reap the benefits of the various social, economic and environmental benefits of greenery. They not only offer shade and protection from cold winds but also increase the scenic beauty of a place providing a sense of peace and harmony to the society. Moreover, they control the environmental changes by improving air quality, providing a habitat to wildlife and by preserving water.
Below are some of the tips using which you can plant your tree and keep it healthy throughout its life.
Tip 1: Plan
Planning your tree planting is one of the foremost essentials. Firstly, you must keep in mind that trees require basic elements like water, nutrients, sunlight and room for growth. So, it is important to determine the type of tree to be planted, the soil availability of the chosen location and the existence of other trees with which your tree might have to compete for resources. Secondly, you must consider the weather conditions in which you plant (the inactive season-in the fall or early spring before buds split are considered to be the most appropriate time for tree planting).
Tip 2: Digging the Ground
Care must be taken of the seedlings and they should ideally be planted promptly so as not to cause any damage. While you dig the ground a balance needs to be struck as the dig should neither be too deep (or else the roots won’t be able to get proper oxygen) nor too narrow (or else the root structure won’t be able to grow enough to support the structure of the tree). Ideally, the hole should be three times the diameter of the root ball but only as deep as the root ball itself.
Tip 3: Backfilling
It is important to note that the roots must have an inch of soil covering them and before backfilling the hole begins, the tree must be positioned straight so that it may grow upright. While filling the soil back in, always use the same soil you removed and make sure it is tightly packed, removing any air pockets that may damage the roots or let them go dry. It is also advised that for mulching the base, (especially if the soil is of poor quality), peat moss or some compost is used. Mulching of 2 inches (preferably) enables holding moisture, keeps the soil temperature moderate and protects your tree from grass/weed.
Tip 4: Staking
In private home lawns no staking is generally required. However, where climatic conditions are harsh or the soil/ground has been damaged, staking is required to offer the trunk the support to grow upright with some flexibility. It can usually be done using two stakes together along with an elastic tie material which can be removed after the first year of growth.
Tip 5: Follow-up
To maintain good air circulation minor pruning should be done to avoid pests and other diseases. Follow-up care includes watering trees at least once a week and more frequently during hot weather. Ideally a plant should only get 5 gallons of water in a week as over-watering might damage the tree causing the leaves to go yellow.