Adding an Exhaust Fan to Your Kitchen

Lead Image
What You'll Need
Suitable exhaust fan
A drill or cutter
Rubber gloves
Extra wiring
A ladder
Plastic wire holders

An exhaust fan is used for ventilation purposes. It removes stale, warm, and moist air from rooms, and with the help of a ventilation system, replace it with fresh air. A properly-ventilated area has good air quality and less humidity, which inhibits mold growth on the walls. In short, exhaust fans improve living conditions greatly and reduce health problems. You should install an exhaust fan in your kitchen to clear up smoke and moisture that are a derivative of cooking. The article below will guide you through installing a wall-mounted exhaust fan that circulates air directly outside and does not require an exhaust system.

Step 1 - Take Appropriate Precautions

marking a stud with a stud finder

Since you will be drilling or cutting a hole in the wall and attaching electrical wires to power your exhaust fan, it is recommended that you wear gloves at all times. Also, the use of a face mask is essential, as it will protect you from dust during drilling or cutting. In addition, make sure that the ladder is set up on an even surface so that it doesn’t topple over while you work. Also, make sure that the exhaust outlet is not blocked, otherwise the exhaust outlet will fail to perform efficiently. With these precautions in mind, move on to the next step.

Step 2 - Choose the Correct Exhaust Fan

The type of exhaust fan you choose depends on the size of your kitchen. If you use a fan that sucks in more air than the ventilation system can provide, it might result in a back draft. Ask a sales representative to help you out in choosing a fan that is compatible with your kitchen size.

Step 3 - Incorporate the Exhaust Fan in Your Wall

Find studs in the wall and try to mount between them. If that isn't an option, you may have to cut through them during installation. Most fans come with a template that is used to guide the drill or cutter in excavating a hole in your wall. If the manufacturer does not include a template with the fan, then use the fan to trace out an outline. After this is done, use a drill or cutter to carefully break the wall. Follow proper safety precautions that come with the instructions of the drill. Incorporate the fan in your wall by using bolts or nails, depending on the make and model of the fan. Ensure that the fan is fitted properly, then move on to providing the fan with power.

Step 4 - Wire Your Exhaust Fan

wiring an outlet

Locate the nearest power outlet, and use the extra wire to connect the outlet and fan. Connect the wire to the fan terminals first according to the instructions provided by the fan manufacturer. After this is done, use wire holders to attach the wire to the wall and to guide it to the power outlet. This makes your work look cleaner. Turn off the main breaker of your house and connect the wire terminals to the power outlet, securing the connections with tape as you work.

Step 5 - Test Your Exhaust Fan

After securing the terminals, switch on the exhaust fan. It should start functioning. Recheck the electrical connections if it does not. If you find nothing wrong with the power, then get your fan replaced, as it might be malfunctioning.