Best Types Of Vegetation For Your Vertical Garden Best Types Of Vegetation For Your Vertical Garden
If you are looking for plants for a vertical garden, vining plants are a popular choice. The variety of vining plants includes flowers, fruits and vegetables. Some of the supports for vertical gardens are fences, poles, trellises, hanging baskets, arbors and walls.
Maintenance is an important consideration when planning a vertical garden. For example grape vines are pruned annually. Carolina jasmine requires pruning after flowering. Vertical gardens need more water. Mulching will lessen evaporation keeping the soil moist.
- More watering
How They Climb
Climbing plants climb in three different ways.
Peas have tendrils that curl. Passion flowers and grapes also have tendrils. Netting is good for climbers with tendrils. But the openings in the mesh must be over two square inches for the peas tendrils to curl through. It is more of a handhold effect. Honeysuckle and pole beans are twiners that twist around the trellis or pole.
To get rambling roses to go up a pergola or arbor they must be tacked and tied. This type of climbing plant is called a scrambler; many of them have thorns that assist their climbing. The Virginia creeper uses pads that adhere to surfaces. They will go up a building or a tree trunk or go sideways. The other climber plants have clinging stem roots. These roots are short and strong and attach to surfaces. English and Irish ivy are examples.
Fruits and Vegetables
Some of the most popular vining food plants are climbing beans, cucumbers and squash. Growing cucumbers on a fence is common. Other vegetables that can grow vertically are tomatoes, bell peppers, peas and lima beans. Grapes, passion fruit, pumpkins and melons are fruits that can be grown vertically, though the latter two fruits need support. Small fruited varieties work best for vertical gardening. Squash also need support or they will break off. Corn grows vertically naturally and beans can be attached to the corn to grow upward.
Flowering vines include annuals and perennials. Annuals have a quick season of growth. Perennials are either deciduous or evergreen.
Examples of Annuals
- Moon flower
- Sweet Peas
Examples of Perennials
- Trumpet Creeper
- Climbing Hydrangea
When designing a trellis for a vertical garden, consider the growth pattern of the vine to be grown. Design the trellis accordingly. Many plants can be trained to grow on a trellis.
- Morning Glories more openings in trellis
- Boston Ivy needs a more solid surface
The morning glory entwines to attach to the trellis, but the Boston ivy attaches a pad to a solid surface. Honeysuckle vines don't need pruning or much attention, but climbing roses must be tied correctly to the trellis and pruned.
A planter placed on a deck or balcony allows the plant to grow downwards. Some plants that like this are vining flowers, miniature pumpkins and cucumbers.
From Pot to Trellis
A vine can be planted in the center of a pot with a trellis inserted into the soil. Put some stones in the bottom and gradual release plant food. Place the vine and add soil. The trellis is seated over the vine. Twirl the vine around the trellis. Pat the soil down and water. Other plants can be added around the edge of the pot.