Building a Diverter for a Rain Barrel Building a Diverter for a Rain Barrel
Building a rain barrel diverter is often the part of rain barrel use that can seem challenging. With a few specific steps and materials, the diverter described here is much simpler than it may first appear. The end result can be an economical way to save on your water bill and help the environment.
Step 1: Select Your Barrel
Be sure your plastic barrel is food-grade and designed with two screw-up openings. Most initially come in industrial colors, such as black, white, or blue. Painting your barrel to coordinate with the colors of your house or garden can greatly improve its appearance.
Step 2: Prep for Spigots
Each screw top has what is known as a threaded knockout through the middle. Drill through the knockout with the 7/8 inch drill bit to create an attachment point for the spigot assembly.
Step 3: Cut the Intake Hole
Turn the barrel over to the side without the screw top. Put the water plant basket upside down on top of the barrel and trace around its edge. Draw a cutting circle outline about ¼ inch inside the resulting traced circle from the basket. This will be the lip for the basket to sit on. Make a starter hole with the drill, and then cut out your intake hole with the jig saw. Clean and rinse out your barrel, using this intake hole. Check that your basket can easily fit into it.
Step 4: Create Overflow
Drill into the side of the barrel as close to the top as possible, using the 1 inch drill bit. Attach the ¾ inch adaptor and a short piece of hose to direct water away from the house.
Step 5: Assemble Your Diverter
Wrap plumber’s tape around the big thread of the drilled screw top. Screw a riser into the threading of the knock-out. Use the PVC cement to attach the elbow joint. Cut a length of PVC pipe long enough to extend the ball valve beyond the barrel’s edge, roughly 4 ½ to 5 inches. Cut a second length of PVC pipe about 1 ½ inches and attach this to the opposite end of the ball valve. Attach the pipe elbow, and then check to be sure everything is directed in the appropriate direction prior to applying the PVC cement.
Step 6: Divert the Downspout
Cut a section out of the accordion-type downspout and secure it to the top hole of the barrel.
Step 7: Build Your Platform
Make your rain barrel’s raised platform out of your choice of cinder blocks or paving stones that can be found at any hardware store. Place it next to the downspout, and make sure all stones are level.
Step 8: Protect Your Barrel:
Cut out enough screening to line the inside of the barrel and secure it with glue. This will keep mosquitoes out of your rain barrel.