Whether you want to store your bikes inside or outside, a freestanding vertical bike rack will serve either place. Depending on the wood chosen, the rack can utilitarian or look more like a piece of furniture. You may choose to finish with stain and polyurethane to better protect your bike rack.
Step 1 - Frame Pallet
With a saw, cut the pallet to the true width of the 2- by 12-inch lumber which will be the top shelf of the bike rack. With 2- by 4-inch lumber, cut pieces to form a frame around the pallet. The pallet will serve as the base of the vertical bike rack. With glue and wood screws, attach framing pieces to the pallet.
Step 2 - Measure Bike
To determine the height of your vertical bike rack, measure the length of your bike from the outside of the rear tire to the outside of the front tire. Add the length of the bicycle hook to determine the required height of the rack.
Step 3 - Cut Lumber
Cut 4 pieces of 2- by 4-inch hardwood to the length determined in Step 2. Also cut the 2- by 12-inch hardwood to the same length as the pallet plus the true width of the 2- by 4-inch lumber. This piece will attach at the top of the vertical bike rack. The frame will be set such that the 4-inch side attaches to the pallet and the top shelf.
Step 4 - Assemble Bike Rack
Lay 2 of the frame pieces (cut in Step 3) on edge on a flat, clean surface with the pallet between them at one end and the 2- by 12-inch hardwood (from Step 3) on top of the frame at the other end. Attach through the top of the top shelf into the end of the 2- by 4-inch hardwood with glue and wood screws at 3 inches on center the width of the leg. Then attach the framed pallet (Step 1) through the side of the 2- by 4-inch leg into the pallet frame with glue and wood screws on 3-inch centers. Now, flip the assembly 180 degrees and attach remaining 2 frame pieces from Step 3 as with the first.
Step 5 - Check Assembly and Attach Hooks
Stand the bike rack upright. Check for plumb and level. Make any necessary adjustments. Across the top rack, determine placement of bike hooks. Place the bike hooks about 12 inches apart and at least 12 inches from either side to avoid interference. Tip: drill pilot holes 1 size smaller than the size of hook screws. Install bike hooks. Sand the entire surface with 120-grit sandpaper.
Step 6 - Finish Bike Rack
As an option, you may decide to stain and seal your new bike rack. If so, use wood putty to fill all screw holes. Allow to cure for 24 hours. Sand the surface smooth. Apply stain with foam brush and remove excess after 5 minutes. Allow to dry for 24 hours. Apply polyurethane 1 coat at a time, allowing each coat to dry for 24 hours and sanding with 220-grit sandpaper between coats. Clean the surface with a cloth after any sanding.