Fig trees can be grown just about anywhere and are some of the most ancient fruits on the planet. With references dating back further than biblical times, fig trees are an honored tradition in many parts of the world. Though colder and warmer climes might do better with different species of fig, the fruits aren't all that much different in taste or texture and will survive much better if suited to the weather.
All Around Good Choice
Black Mission Figs; aka Franciscan, Mission, or Black Beers
The Black Mission fig is the best all around fig as it will grow almost anywhere. North, south, coastal, or interior this fig is very large and highly productive. It does not need to be pruned once it reaches maturity and will actually decrease production if pruned. As such ample space is needed for this variety and deep roots are necessary.
Short Season and Cooler Climates
Blanche; aka Lemon, Italian Honey, White Marseille, or Lattarula
Cooler climes and short season summers work best for this variety as it will produce fruit with only a few months of heat and then be happily dormant the rest of the year. Though slow growing, this is a hardy tree with dense foliage which can survive frost easily.
Verte; aka Green Ischia
If size is an issue this fig can grows best in cooler climes but remains small. A great choice is the large size of Blanche figs seems undoable or daunting.
Desert King; aka King or Charlie
This fig is best for cooler, highly wet areas of the coastal regions. It is a hardy plant which can handle the frost and is less susceptible to disease brought on by large amounts of rain.
Hot and Dry
Hot, dry climates where irrigation can be supplied cause this fig to grow excessively well in very short periods of time. Due to being subject to frost damage and best in southern areas where the heat will last year round. This is the first hybrid fig with high production and great yields.
Kadota; aka Florentine or Dottato
These figs thrive in hot dry climates and even resist souring.
Hot and Humid
Celeste; aka Honey Fig, Blue Celeste, Malta or Sugar
In the southeast and other places where the hot weather is followed by humid days and nights, these figs thrive. Though crops contain small to medium fruit the trees are small, productive, and hardy enough to withstand the moisture and cooler temperatures of the winter months.
Cold and Frost Heavy
Genoa; aka White Genoa
These remarkable figs are slow to ripen and will even produce after the first frosts. They are the best choices for northern cooler climates where the temperatures can be an issue for other varieties. They do produce lighter crops than some of the other varieties and require annual pruning for growth, however.
This tree is a great choice for those who need a cooler weather tree such as the Genoa Fig, but don't have the space required for a full sized fig tree. The Ventura is a compact tree which also matures late and can handle the frosts of cooler climates.