Concrete Paver Installation Concrete Paver Installation

What You'll Need
Retailed, concrete pavers
Garden hose
Level
Measuring lumber
Nylon string
Spade
Wheelbarrow
Water
Tamper
Crushed stone
Sand
Soil compactor
Hammer
Drainage pipes
Mallet
Masonry saw

A concrete paver is a popular choice among homeowners who want to create aesthetic and functional boundaries in their exterior landscaping. Usually installed around patios and the garden, concrete pavers offer years of maintenance-free performance. Concrete pavers can be easily installed without any professional help. They are installed in an excavated site without the need to prepare a concrete lining. You can use these easy-to-follow instructions for installing a concrete paver.

Step 1-Getting Started with Concrete Paver Installation

It is recommended that you begin with some basic planning. Use a measuring lumber and a garden hose for this purpose. This is vital for correctly sizing-up the area that needs to be paved. The lumber should measure 4-feet long and 2-feet wide. Spread the hose around the chosen site. Install the lumber pieces at equal distances along the hose. Tie a nylon string to the top-end of each stake. Ensure that each string is fully pulled, without any slacking and stretched at 90 degrees between each stake. This helps in establishing precise edges for the concrete paver.

Step 2-Excavating Concrete Paver Site

The chosen site needs to be dug-up to install the pavers. When excavating the soil, approximate the space needed by each of the filling materials. Most retailed pavers are about 4-inches thick. Conventionally, the crushed stone layer too is usually around the 4-inch mark. You can alter the depth of the sand layer between 2-to-4 inches, according to your preference. Thus, the total depth for most excavated sites is about 12 inches. Use a spade for digging up the site according to these measurements. Remove all rocks, roots and any kind of structural obstruction. Use a plate compactor or soil compactor for leveling the soil. This is vital to create a uniform, stable base.

Step 3-Preparing Base of Concrete Paver

Crushed stone is ideal for making the base. It is a bit difficult-to-procure but most hardware supply stores have access to constructional material contractors who can provide it. Using a wheelbarrow, start spreading the crushed stone upon the compacted soil layer. Use a tamper for compacting the crushed stone. If the base appears extremely dry, moisten it with some water.

Step 4-Preparing Edges of Concrete Paver

You should use edge restraints to ensure that the paver’s soil-base doesn’t spill onto the surrounding areas. You can use restraints of steel or aluminum or pre-cast iron pavers. Edge restrainers are very easy-to-install. Each restrainer is like a short piece of lumber. Using a hammer, install the restraints at equal distances along the outer boundary of the paver. There are no strict rules for calculating the number of restrainers needed. The soil density is the deciding factor—sandy and dry soils need more restrainers.

Step 5-Finshing Concrete Paver Installation

If the paver is along the drainage area of the house, lay down 1-inch-thick drainage pipes over the crushed stone layer. Start placing the pavers. If you are using inter-locking pavers, ensure that each adjacent edge locks itself with the other one. If the pavers don’t seem to fit along the edges, saw-off their edges with a masonry saw. The coarse variety of sand is best suited for finishing the paver.

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