Create a Beautiful Garden With Trellis Plants

When creating a garden trellis, the plants you select should be planned to grow in vines and bloom in sprays to give a full coverage with a casual flowery look. When it matures a garden trellis can become a focal point in your garden while hiding unsightly objects. 

Planning/Designing your Garden

The first thing you want to is consider the size of the space you have to work with and what part of your yard might contain objects or slights you'd rather hide from view, perhaps an old fence or your neighbor's freshly painted, bright lime green house. You should also research your planting zone and know which plants grow best in your region. Another consideration is combining winter and summer plants to keep your trellis from looking bare during the winter months.

If you are working with a smaller space, consider using wider, shorter trellises as these can create an elongating effect; this is similar to the reasoning employed when choosing clothing- vertical lines elongate while horizontal lines widen.  Before purchasing or building your trellises decide on the look you want for your garden and choose a material that is best suited to that look (weather-treated wood, wrought-iron, etc.). You should also design your trellis to incorporate what is already present in that area of your yard such as utility boxes, garden sheds and fences. You'll want to create a look that hides or accentuates various areas of you garden.

Selecting and planting your plants

Some of the most common trellis plants are Honeysuckle, Morning Glory, Ivy (such as the Virginia Creeper or Variegated Ivy), Trumpet Creeper, and clematis.  When selecting the plants for your garden, consider whether you prefer brightly colored flowers or varied textures of green as this will help you determine what type of plants your should use. Warmer weather trellis plants include:

  • Pink Trumpet Vine
  • Clematis, Lilac Vine
  • Wisteria
  • Bougainvillea

Cooler weather trellis plants include:

  • Ivy (English Ivy is known for staying evergreen in colder climates)
  • Wintercreeper

When you begin planting, keep in mind that many trellis plants have a propensity to grow rapidly and vigorously so you should avoid planting them near rain gutters or newly established trees or any other feature that you don't wish them to grow into/on top of/around/up. You should also keep this in mind when spacing your trellis plants, don't plant them too close to one another unless you want them to become intertwined and compete with one another. Besides regular pruning, another way to control the growth of your plants is to place them in planters, this limits their size and can keep them from growing wildly out of control.

Training your plants to grow up the trellis

You will find that some of your plants will sprout and immediately begin to grow up the trellis without any trouble while others seem more inclined to grow across the ground. To train these plants to grow up the trellis, anchor them to the apparatus using twine or some other soft tie, making sure not to secure the tie too tightly as this can damage the vine and possibly kill the shoot.

Once you have trained your plant to grow up the trellis, you will not need to continue to bind any more of its vines, you simply need to wrap any stray offshoots around the apparatus when you notice them growing away from the trellis.