Daisy Flower Care
The simple elegance and colorful variety of daisies has made them popular for growing in many gardens. The most common daisies have dainty white petals with yellow centers, but different species also grow in, bright pink, red, orange asnd violet. Each flower consists of 2 components: the disk floret in the center and the petal-like white ray florets along the edges. The leaves of the flower are edible and can be used in making salads.
The daisy is a perennial evergreen that is easy to grow and has a tendency to spread. You can propagate these plants by dividing during the spring or sowing seeds in spring or late fall. There are numerous varieties of daisies, although the Shasta, African and Gerbera Daisies are most popular. The following tips will help you in caring for these plants.
Daisies to well in rich, well-drained soil. Where soil is thin and poor, roots will dry quickly. To prevent this, add extra water, especially during the heat of summer.
The roots of daisies are generally shallow, growing close to the soil surface. This means you should fertilize them well. During the spring, sprinkle a tablespoon of a slow-acting granular fertilizer around each plant so that the rain soaks it into the soil. This will provide the plant with constant nutrients as it develops and matures. Use fertilizers rich in phosphorous to encourage large, bright blooms.
The roots of daisies tend to be shallow, which necessitates regular watering. When they lack water, the plants tend to suddenly wilt. If you plant them in healthy soil that has a lot of organic matter, they should do pretty well with normal rainfall. Use a soaker hose system or dripping garden hose when the summer heat is high or during drought conditions.
Overhead watering is not recommended as it will cause the stems to droop and the plant to develop fungal diseases. Protect the plants from full sun, as it has a drying effect.
Mulching has several functions. It helps reduce excessive evaporation of moisture from the soil and facilitates maximum absorption of water from rainfall. Mulching also help control weeds and protects the flowers from dirt during the blooming phase.
If you live in a cold region or have cold weather, apply adequate mulch to protect the plants during the winter. The substance tends to gradually decompose and will improve soil nutrient level with time. Spread 2 to 3 inches of mulch on the soil, ensuring that it completely covers the roots.
When the daisies grow to about 6 inches, trim the stems to encourage bushiness. Cut off dead flowers and stems. This will increase the bloom phase.
Insects and Diseases
Fortunately, daisies are not troubled much by insects and diseases. Should they be attacked, you can use an insecticidal soap together with a fungicide.