Designing an Aquaponics Greenhouse
A Greenhouse serves as protection to different hazards that hinder optimum growth. With the capability of greenhouse to control both light and temperature, it is possible to come up with arable lands yielding better production.
Aquaponics is a combination of both hydroponics and aquaculture. With both technologies combined, you will be able to grow plants and fish at the same time in only one greenhouse. Aquaponics Greenhouse makes nutrient rich water from fish waste and this will serve as food source for the plants in a soilless environment. The system works by evenly distributing the used fish water to the different crop beds. The water contains fish waste will be used up by plants. After this, the water will be returned once more to the fish tank via a pump.
You can have your own Aquaponics Greenhouse at your garden. Any aquarium with ornamental or food fish can be hooked to a plant bed. This can be the main attraction of your garden or a source of vegetables for your cooking; here are some tips on how to design an Aquaponics greenhouse
Tools and materials:
Air pump with stand
Table for growing plants
Step 1 - Decide the Aquaponics Style
There are three main versions of an Aquaponics: Media Based, Deep Raft and Nutrient Film Technique. You should decide on what fits your purpose more and what is right for your budget allocation. If want to create Aquaponics in your own backyard then use the Media Based Style. But if you are aiming for crop production then Deep Raft and Nutrient Film are better for you.
Step 2 - Slightly Slope the Floor Down
Since Aquaponics is a basically a water run environment, then you have to slope the floor down so that excess water will drain downward. Make sure that all the tanks and the grow beds are properly aligned.
Step 3 - Consider Bricks or Masonry for Insulation
A good insulation is the key in retaining solar energy. You have to insulate all the parts of your greenhouse to maintain the heat inside especially in areas that are not glazed. These materials function well but needs insulating barriers between it and the soil. It is better if you can use pumice rock to insulate because this will allow water to seep through the ground.
Step 4 – Install Fish Tanks
You are advised to use tanks made of polyurethane to completely achieve the balance of the controlled environment. The ideal ratio of each tank to grow bed is one to one but you can have one tank to two grow beds. Each tank can contain 700-800 gallons.
Step 5 - Grow Beds
Still made from polyurethane, the grow beds must be at 10-15 foot high from the ceiling so that adequate sunlight can be taken. Also, the height will give the plants more space to grow. The height of the beds will depend on your own preference. It must be level with your hips so that you won’t need to stoop down or reach higher.