A clogged drain is one of the common problems in any household, and will almost always require someone in the family to know effective drain repair procedures in order to remove the clog. To repair a clogged drain, simply follow the 5 steps below.
Step 1 – Remove Standing Water
If your drain is completely clogged, remove the water by using a hose to siphon the water out of the clogged tub or basin and drain it into a container or an outside surface that is at a level lower than the water in the tub. Leave a small amount of water in the tub to test your repair.
Step 2 – Remove the Drain Cover
With the water removed from the tub or basin, remove the drain cover by taking out the screw that secures the cover. Some drain covers are not removable. If you are unable to find a fastening screw holding your cover in place, move on to the next step.
Step 3 – Try Using a Plunger
The clog may be created by material that will be easy removed by your using a plunger. Place the plunger mouth over the drain opening so that all air except that in the drain is sealed from entering or leaving the plunger. Move the plunger up and down vigorously, then remove it. Water you have left in the tub will help to create a needed vacuum. If the water begins to drain after you have used the plunger, you will have successfully repaired the clog. If the water doesn't drain, move on to the next step.
Step 4 – Manually Remove the Clog
If you were unable to remove the drain cover, you should now try to take out any debris near the top of the drain that may be clogging the drain. Most likely, if your drain cover has previously been in place, the clog is more than likely caused by a collection of hair and soap scum, either near the drain opening or deeper into the drain. Using tweezers or hemostats, try grasping any material near the drain opening. Remove all the material you can reach with your hemostats, and pull the material from the drain. Then test again, to see if the water drains. If it doesn't, or if it drains too slowly, move on to the next step.
Step 5 – Use a Commercial Chemical De-Clogger
A clog caused by hair and soap scum buildup and is deeper into the drain can sometimes be dissolved by using a chemical de-clogger. Remove all water in the tub or basin that could dilute the de-clogger. Pour about 2 cups of the liquid de-clogger into the drain. Allow 10 to 15 minutes for it to dissolve the clog, then test gain by running water into your tub and allowing the tub to drain.
Step 6 – Use a Plumber's Snake
Finally, if none of the procedures above have worked, rent a plumbers "snake," or call a plumber.