Espalier Trees: 6 Styles

If you know you want to add some espalier trees to your yard but aren’t quite sure what design type, basic information might help. There are many designs to choose from; it’s really a matter of personal preference.

1. Cordon Style

This is the most traditional type of design for espalier trees and easy to accomplish. The shape is somewhat like a multi-candle candle holder. The trunk is the base and there are the T branches with vertical branches growing from them. This type is great for growing apples or pears.

2. Candelabra Style

This is a step further than the cordon style. You simply add more vertical branches on top of the one horizontal branch to resemble a candelabrum. This type is challenging to accomplish and maintain and takes time to develop.

3. U-Shaped Style

This is a very basic style of horizontal growth to desired stretch and then vertical growth. This is a great style for little maintenance.

4. Palmette Verrier Style

This style is the most formal design and yields beautiful results. The design is that of a u-shape, one on top of the other, as many layers as you desire. This design takes at least three years for full definition.

5. Oblique Palmette Style

Another version of the palmette styling is the oblique. This design is less formal and its angled shoots form from the trunk. The oblique is fan-like in appearance.

6. Belgian Fence Style

This design is slightly more complicated and takes some time to develop but has gorgeous results and is a great divider. The appearance is lattice-like so it does require multiple trees. The trees are meant to overlap so it takes some planning and at least a year to create.

There are many other types and style variations to choose from, each one unique. Take into consideration your space and time constraints when planning your design.