Gas fireplace repair can be daunting. One thing that makes fixing a gas fireplace so difficult and complex is finding the source of the issue. There could be multiple factors causing a single issue, so covering all your bases and eliminating potential culprits can be time-consuming and requires a level of expertise.
However, there are some basic issues that you can repair on your own without too much trouble. At the very least, this guide will help give you a better understanding of each problem so you can identify them more easily.
Warning: Working with gas and gas appliances is dangerous. If at any point the area smells excessively of gas and you can not determine the cause, call an expert for help immediately.
The pilot light for your gas fireplace is an ignition source. If your fireplace won't turn on, it may be a simple matter of the pilot flame having been blown out. In order to find out, simply open the vent. You will be able to determine whether or not the small flame is out. If it is, simply re-light the pilot with a match or a lighter to see if the fireplace turns back on.
Alternatively, if the flame reignites initially but the pilot won't stay on, there are more in-depth factors to investigate surrounding the pilot light.
The thermocouple is a small metal rod that intersects the gas valve and the burning pilot flame. It acts as a temperature sensor and generates electricity to ignite the gas when needed.
Because it's so small and must interact with other components, the condition, placement, and stability of the thermocouple can all impact your fireplace for the better or for the worse.
Thermocouple issues are usually simple fixes that boil down to them not being screwed in securely or just needing to be repositioned. While you are examining this piece, ensure that all of the wiring and tubing are correctly placed and functional.
Similar to the thermocouple, a thermopile is a sensor that generates voltage. In newer model gas appliances thermopiles are used in place of thermocouples. Due to their place in electronically controlled gas fireplaces and the fact that this mechanism generates power measured in millivolts, they are also known as gas fireplace generators and millivolt generators.
Testing or replacing the thermocouple should only be done after you've ruled out the other obvious culprits since it's a fairly complicated process. Using its generator function to check how much energy it's providing is a good way to figure out if your current wiring is adequate. Loose or inadequate wiring can be the root cause behind noticeable problems like a burner that is sluggish or won't come on at all.
While these components of your gas fireplace system are commonly behind some of the bigger issues your fireplace may have, other issues such as needing a gas valve replacement or a gas leak require the intervention of a professional.