Various types of grass are used in residential areas to compose a domestic lawn. Regardless of the kind of grass you have in your yard, some basic caring apply. This includes the following lawn maintenance routines.
Grass Mowing Tips
While mowing the grass, it is advised never to cut the grass too short. This practice, which is referred to as scalping the grass, can be damaging to the growth pattern of your grass. Removing excessive amount of grass at one time upsets the nutrition cycle of the grass. Also beware that you should not use dull blades for mowing. This tends to shred the grass rather than cut it. Shredding tends to spoil the texture of the grass cover and induces patches of uneven coloration along with making it more susceptible to plant diseases.
Avoid cutting wet grass. This practice leads to spreading infections caused by fungal spores that leads to excessive brown spotting. The mowing frequency should be limited and decided upon in consideration with local experts in the area since it affects the overall rate of growth of the grass.
Handling Grass Clippings
Thatch refers to the layer formed on the lawn, composed of stems, plant crowns and leaves. Please note that thatching is not an issue until it is very thick. A thin thatch is not detrimental to the health of the grass. Thus, removing short clippings of grass is not necessary. If the clippings seem to be forming a thick layer that is spoiling the appearance of the lawn or suffocating the underlying grass, it should be immediately removed.
Grass Watering Tips
Watering the grass cover on a daily basis is not required. Most residential grasses do well with just about 2 inches of water in a week. However, typical weather or soil conditions can increase the watering frequency. At all times, the soil in the lawn shouldn’t appear dry. Light irrigation or watering the grass with very little water at one time can prove damaging. This promotes a shallow root system that is detrimental to the long-term health of the grass. Thus, watering in a controlled but adequate manner is recommended.
Watering the grass in isolated patches is not recommended as this can lead to intense grass growth in certain places that can spoil the overall aesthetics of the lawn. Ideally, watering during the late evening/late afternoons should be avoided. During this time, the grass tends to retain the moisture for a much longer period that directly raises chances of it being affected by plant diseases.
Grass Nutrition Tips
Make a point of getting your lawn soil tested at least once a year. This is the only way of decoding the exact nutrient requirements of your lawn. This will also help you choose the appropriate fertilizer. District-level or provincial labs provide such testing facilities wherein you merely need to provide a sample of the soil.
If you are not sure about the kind of fertilizer to be used, it is better to choose general fertilizers that combine the three, major nutrients, i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Choosing fertilizers containing heavy concentration of certain micro/macro-nutrients without knowing the grass’ nutritional requirements can adversely impact the grass.
Grass Lighting Tips
Grass growing near sections of the house that cast long shadows might suffer from excessive shading. It is better to remove obstructions that might be hampering the sunlight, i.e. re-locate movable objects. Similarly, trees along such grassy patches should be regularly pruned to ensure that their foliage is not obstructing the sunlight.