Gothic Furniture: Beds From The Medieval Ages
Beds from the medieval ages had little in common with gothic furniture.
Medieval beds were few in number and restricted to the nobility. The beds were of a platform style with expensive draperies. The drapes were supported by ceiling beams, allowing space around the bed platform for people to stand and sit.
The majority of people slept on stuffed sacks. Straw was the most common stuffing but horse hair was used by those who could afford it.
In late medieval days, a bed developed that many more people could enjoy. It was a simple frame on four legs. The frame was threaded with ropes which were tensioned to support the sleeper and his sack.
French Gothic Furniture
French gothic beds, also restricted to the nobility were quite elaborate. The four poster bed was introduced to offer a little privacy from the rest of the family in a crowded house.
Victorian Gothic Furniture
The Victorians did adopt the four poster bed but it was never very popular.
Although mattresses tended to be very expensive, a new filling called 'flock,' made from shredded scrap material, was introduced. Combined with a spring suspension in the bed frame, flock mattresses became the standard for the average Victorian family.
Even when spring interior mattresses were invented, flock was still used for the upper and lower layers.