Herringbone Brick Pattern Styles Herringbone Brick Pattern Styles

If you are in search of a brick pattern for your outdoor patio or walkway, you have a number of styles to choose from. Some of the more common patterns are the running bond, stacked bond, basket weave and the ever-attractive herringbone arrangement.

One the most visually interesting, a herringbone brick pattern is very formal and is ideal when you have an irregular area to cover. Of course, it will work in regular areas too, but its zigzag edges are well suited for paving around things with a lot of angles. In addition to its unique look, a herringbone brick pattern is the way to get the most strength out of your laid brick. Bricked areas in a herringbone style can withstand a lot of weight, so they are good for driveways as well.

Two Herringbone Brick Pattern Styles


The space in which you allot for brickwork aside, there are essentially two basic types of herringbone brick patterns. They are 45° and 90° herringbone layouts. The two consist of the same arrangement, but they differ in the angle they sit in relation to the edges of the patio, walkway or driveway. In other words, with a 45° herringbone style you start the first row of brick at 45° to the edge. The same rule applies to 90° herringbone patterns. Both are strong and offer the same visually stimulating result, although the 45° variety is the more interesting of the two. 

How to Lay Out Herringbone Patterns


Start by determining the edges of the bricked area, whether it is a 4-sided box, a winding path or anything in between. You will be building a 45° pattern. For simplicity’s sake, assume you are working with a perfectly square area. You can then apply this same pattern to any area. Looking over the area, begin in the left corner closest to you. Holding a brick vertically in your hand, set it at 45° to the edging with the lower right corner of the brick against the side. Set the next in the same manner with the lower half of it touching the upper half of the first brick. Complete the first row in the same way.


For the second row, go back to the first brick you laid. Lay it at 90° to the very first brick with its short edge adjacent to the left side, upper half of the first brick. Thus, the first brick of the first row and second brick of the second row should form a backwards L. To complete the second row, keep laying the bricks in the same way, making a series of backwards Ls. Be sure that all touching bricks are perfectly flush with one another.

The beauty of a herringbone brick pattern is that you can start from any point. The first row can point up from left to right or right to left. You can reverse the pattern to make proper Ls with the bricks. Apply this same design principle for any area, adjusting the length of each row to suit your available space.

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