A wooden stair railing is an important safety addition to the porch steps. It also adds accent to the porch as long as it is properly built. This DIY project requires some woodworking skills and a few carpentry tools.
Tools and Materials
- Pressure-treated 4x4 Wooden Posts
- 2x4 Wooden Railing
- Miter Saw
- Circular Saw
- Wood Screws
- Measuring Tape
- 2-inch Corner Brackets
- Moisture-resistant Paint
- Straight Edge
Step 1 – Determine the Angle and Length of the Rail
Place a straight edge on top of the stairs and use a protractor or any other angle-measuring device to get the angle of the slope. This will be needed when cutting the rail to fit into the post. To determine the length of the rail required, measure the stairs from top to bottom.
Step 2 – Cut the 4x4 Posts
If the rail is more than 3 feet in length, add an additional post for every 2 feet of railing. This is in addition to the 4x4 vertical posts to be installed at the top and bottom of the stairs.
Determine the height of posts before cutting them. This will depend on your height preference. Cut the required number of vertical posts for the top and bottom of the stairs and additional post for every 2 feet of railing. If the stairs require a railing on each side, double the number of posts so both sides match.
Step 3 – Install the Posts
Do not cut the 2x4 rails yet unless the posts are in position. Place a post at the last step at the bottom of the stairs at least 2 inches away (inward) from the edge. Let it rest against the next step above it. Place a corner bracket at the left and right side of the post and secure them both to the post and the bottom step using 1-inch wood screws. When the first post is secured, proceed in the same manner to the opposite post.
When the bottom posts are in position, secure the additional posts in between the stairs following the same procedure as with the bottom posts. When installing the top posts, position them on the step just below the surface of the porch so that it can rest on the stair riser. Be sure to align all posts together so that the rails will be installed level afterwards.
Step 4 – Cut the 2x4 Rails
Measure the distance from each post to the next to determine the length of the 2x4s that go in between. Transfer the measurement to the 2x4s. Get the miter saw and cut the rails to the correct angle.
Step 5 – Install the Rails
Have someone hold the wood as you attach the 2x4 to the posts. Line the rail correctly and drive two 2.5-inch screws through the rails and into each post. Install the other rails in the same fashion making sure that they are all aligned correctly. After installation, sand the railing with fine grit sandpaper. Apply 2 coats of primer. Thereafter, paint the whole railing with moisture-resistant acrylic paint.