How to Apply Floor Leveler: the Basics

If there is a difference in the level between different portions of your floor, the simplest way to sort out this problem is to apply a floor leveler. This does not require removal of the final finished flooring and completely makes up for any elevation differences on the surface. The steps for applying a floor leveling solution or leveler are easy and can be performed in a short span of time.

Tools and Materials Needed:

  • Floor leveler
  • Trowel
  • Cloth
  • Mild detergent
  • PVA
  • Power stirrer
  • Epoxy
  • Sandpaper

Step 1 - Initial Steps

Dust off all dust and debris from the floor. If the floor is extremely dusty, mix 4 parts water with one part of PVA and spread this with a thick paint brush evenly, all over the floor surface. You need to clean the surface of the floor well before applying a floor leveler. For a less dusty floor, take some mild detergent and dissolve in a bucket of warm water. Soak a piece of cloth into this and then wipe the floor surface with the cloth. Leave it to dry before proceeding further.

Step 2 - Purchasing

Buy a floor leveling agent from the hardware store. Make sure it is suitable to be used on concrete flooring. Check the pack to see if the compound needs any special precautions other than wearing rubber gloves during application. Wear clothes that are old and light in nature as floor leveler is a sticky compound that holds on to clothes.

Step 3 - Mixing

Mix the leveler in a bucket by adding the required quantity of water as mentioned on the pack. Each brand has separate instructions. Use a power stirrer for mixing up this leveler well, as it prevents formation of air bubbles in the compound, during stirring.

Step 4 - Application

Locate the place where you want to apply the leveler at the very beginning. Start from the corner areas of the room that are not level with the rest of the floor. Take a thin brush and dip it in a can of epoxy. Apply this adhesive evenly on the floor after it is dry, so that it acts as a bonding agent between the leveler and the concrete floor. Dry it to the point that the glossy wet look of the epoxy fades off, but it is still sticky. Take some mixture on a trowel and pour it on the area chosen. Smoothen this place with the flat part of the trowel. The leveling compound should be at least 2 inches thick, though this may increase if more compound is needed when the floor is very uneven. All holes on the floor must be covered and the high places on the floor should be at level. Pour more layers on the first layer if you have to adjust the level by making it thicker.

Step 5 - Final Steps

Keep applying the compound till the entire floor area is covered. Floor levelers tend to harden very fast, so you need to work with speed. After covering the entire area with the leveler, leave to dry for the night. Next morning, take medium grit sandpaper and sand up the rough ridges that may have been formed on the floor after the leveler has set up completely. Sweep the floor with a semi-wet cloth so that all debris formed due to sanding, is wiped off.