How to Build a Pit Solar Distiller How to Build a Pit Solar Distiller

What You'll Need
Safety goggles
Few pieces of vegetation

A solar distiller is a very basic apparatus to remove salt from the water. The process is very simple and you can build a pit solar distiller at your home in no time. All you need is a little time and the essential things that you need to build it. The solar distiller uses the heat of the sun to evaporate the water, leaving behind the salt and other residue that could not be evaporated. One can easily make a pit solar distiller by following a brief procedure and keeping a few things in mind. Here are some simple ways in which you can build a solar distiller.

Step 1 − What to keep in Mind

To build a solar pit, keep in mind the environment and the surroundings. You need to have hard ground, no wind and bright sunlight so that your pit solar distiller can be used effectively once it is built. If the ground is soft, you would not be able to dig a hole. Windy weather can also be a hindrance. The most important element is bright sunlight, so that your solar distillation process can take place effectively.

Step 2 − Building a Pit

A ground pit is usually used as a source of collecting pure water. The first step will be to wear the safety goggles and a pair of rubber gloves. One should always take full safety measures to avoid any unfortunate incident. To create a ground pit, you will use a shovel to dig a conical hole in the ground, about 2 feet in diameter.

Step 3 − Placing the Cup

After you get done with digging the hole, you now have to place a cup in the pit. Place the cup at the bottom of the pit. If available, place pieces of vegetation on both the sides of the pit. This will provide support to the cup and stabilize it in its place.

Step 4 − Cover the Pit with the Plastic

Once you get done with the ground work of building a pit, you are almost done. The next step is to take a large piece of plastic and hang it over the whole pit. Make sure that the lowest point is resting just above the cup.

Step 5 − Final Touches

Place a small rock in the center of the plastic so that it keeps the point low just above the cup. Secure the plastic in place with rocks or other heavy objects. Place the rocks on the sides of the plastic, or at any point you think needs to be secured. The water should collect on the plastic and run down into the cup.

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