A woven wire fence makes an excellent fencing choice, especially for farmyards. The fence consists of smooth wire horizontally arranged and held in place by vertical wires or stays. Generally, the space between the horizontal wires varies according to the size of animals.
It is spaced more closely together at the bottom with spacing increasing towards the top. It makes an effective barrier for animals due to its visibility, and is therefore one of the favorite fence types on farms. Not only does it effectively keep animals well-contained and where they should be, but it also keeps out predators.
The size of animals to be contained and their jumping ability will determine the fence height. You can also use a woven wire fence as a perimeter fence. With proper maintenance, a woven wire fence can last as many as 15 years and more. The following guide gives basic instructions for construction.
Materials and Equipment Required:
- Fence posts
- Power driver
- Payout spinner or multi-wire fencer
- Tension indicator spring
- Heavy gloves
- Eye protection
Step 1 - Determine the Fence Line
Plan the arrangement you want the fencing to take. It is best to keep away from rough and stony terrain as well as steep areas. These will require more effort and materials in installing, and maintenance is also likely to be more involved.
Step 2 - Install Corner and Brace Assemblies
This is the most critical construction phase and can take up half the time. The assemblies are located at the corner and end of the fence and provide vital support. A well fitted tensile fence exerts a lot of pressure on the assemblies, so you must ensure they have sufficient strength as you install. Make sure they are deeply inserted.
Step 3 - Install Fence Posts
Drive the posts deep into the ground using a power driver, as this will ensure they are strong. Space the posts 10 to 15 feet apart.
Step 4 - Running the Wire
Use a payout spinner for running out single wires or a multi-wire fencer for multiple wires. When running out the wires be sure that you keep a straight line. This is easily achieved on flat ground, but on gently undulating ground you will have to lift the wire and let it drop into the same position. This will straighten the wire. After running the bottom wire, make sure it is sufficiently tensile.
Working your way from the bottom and moving upwards, secure the wires to the corners or gate posts using crimping sleeves or knots. As you secure each wire to the line post, this will help you to identify where to place the next wire. Ten wires should suffice for a cattle fence.
Stringing the wires should be done inside of the post or on the outside curves. Drive staples at an angle so that they sit across the wood grain. Rotate them about 25 degrees from the post surface to spread the legs which will give greater power in holding the wire firmly in place.
Step 5 - Tensioning the Wire
Obtain the right wire tension for each wire using the tension indicator then tighten all the wires accordingly. Use heavy gloves and eye protection.