How to Build an Electric Fence for Deer How to Build an Electric Fence for Deer

What You'll Need
Wooden corner posts
Roll of 14-gauge high tensile wire
Glass donut insulators
Screw-on plastic insulators
Fence stretcher
Wire rods
Fence charger (short pulse), with low impedance and high voltage

If you live in an area with a large deer population, and your property is frequently invaded by wild animals, then you are well-advised to put an electric fence for deer around your land.  Electric fences have 2 major advantages over permanent ones: they are easier to build and come at a much cheaper price. At the same time, they provide as much protection and safety as the regular masonry fences.  The present manual outlines the steps you need to follow in order to erect a stable and efficient electric fence.

Step 1 – Fix Wooden Corner Posts

Position the wooden corner posts around your property. Hammer them in so that a fourth of their length is underground. Take a 2 to 3 foot wire and run it through the glass donut insulator, fixing it to a corner post. Take the 14-gauge high tensile wire and tie its end to the insulator. Start wrapping the wire around the donut, making sure the wire touches only its glass part.

Step 2 - Wrap the Wire

Unroll the high tensile wire along the perimeter that will be enclosed. Cover one side only. Cut the wire at a length that is slightly bigger than that of the perimeter side. Hook the stretcher to a corner post, tightening the wire. Tie a glass donut insulator to the corner post and put the wire through its hole. Wrap tightly around its glass part, using the stretcher. Proceed in the same way for all corner posts until the whole wire is tightened. Hammer all wire rods at intervals of 50 feet. Fix the plastic insulators, connecting them to the steel rods. Attach the steel rods to the wire, which should be about 3 feet off the ground.

Step 3 - Voltage Installation

Perform the following procedures with utmost care because you will be working with electricity. Get familiar with the local electrical safety requirements and act accordingly.

Take the fence charger and mount it at the place that is close to a power outlet. You must attach the charger’s ground wire to an additional rod and hammer it into the ground. Wrap the hot wire of the charger around the fence wire so that you build a strong connection. Then switch on the fence charger to release electricity down the fence wire.

There are 3 main types of fence chargers that you can use: the AC plug-in charger, which should be connected to standard 110 V outlet; the battery-operated charger that should be attached to a 12 V battery; and the solar charger, which requires 1 day or more to charge in the sun before it can be used. Each of these types has its own advantages and disadvantages, but, if you can choose, you are advised to install an AC plug-in charger. 

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