How to Create and Apply Green Manure
Green manure is often used to help add nutrients back into the soil composition. Green manure generally is planted to help improve the fertility and usefulness of soil for vegetable, fruit and herb gardens. Generally, green manure should be applied at least once a year, right when you are ready to sow your seeds or transplant your plants.
Step 1 – Pick Your Green Manure from Seed
There are two types of Green manures you can choose from. There are legumes and nonlegumes. Legumes generally are plans that will release nitrogen into the air. This type of manure will come in a powder form. You can also buy alfalfa, clover and soybeans as additional alternatives to legume green manure. Nonlegumes, on the other hand, are things such as ryegrass, oat and buckwheat.
Step 2 – Compost your Previous Season’s Veggies
At the end of every season you will undoubtedly have vegetable plants. Cut your vegetable plants down and using a shovel and a rake or a rototiller. Rake the garden smooth. This will prepare it for your seed bed. Green beans provide an excellent source of green manure properties. These plants are rich in nitrogen and help to expel nitrogen into the air, thereby helping to create a very fertile bed for crops, flowers, vegetables or herbs.
Step 3 – Plant the Seeds
Plant your green manure seeds. Make sure you use the most popular choice for your physical location. Alternatively, you may use leftover flowers, extra vegetables. These will provide extra green manure for your garden area. Using the leftovers will create a much denser cover with a great deal more speed.
Step 4 – Apply Fertilizer and Let Grow
Apply a fertilizer, rich in nitrogen. Go to the local home improvement center or to your garden center and purchase an organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizers sometimes come in a higher grade or with a higher quality standard. Using fertilizer in your pre-developed and pre-seeded garden generally will help the germination to begin quicker.
The green manure crop will begin to grow after the first application of fertilizer. Do not disturb the crops until they are at least 3 to 4 inches in height. The green manure must remain on your crop or garden area until it fully matures. At maturity, the green manure will control existing weeds in your garden beds.
Step 5 – Turn Over Beds
Use a rototiller or a spade to re-till the land or the garden area. The plants and the root systems of your green manure should be turned over right into the soil.
Step 6 – Add Mulch
Add a layer of mulch over your garden. The mulch should remain on your bed or garden area until you are ready to plant a new crop. The mulch will maintain the moisture in your garden area, promote worms and other creatures that are responsible for helping release nitrogen into your crop area.