How to Create Your Own Hydroelectricity How to Create Your Own Hydroelectricity
There are 3 very important characteristics of hydroelectricity that have contributed to its increasing spread around the globe. First of all, unlike fossil-generated energy, hydroelectricity has a production process that leads to (almost) no carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. Second, as water is the main factor in its production, hydroelectricity is a renewable type of energy that has practically inexhaustible resources. And, third, it is much cheaper to produce and maintain than the electricity from power stations, which we use at home and at work every day. For these reasons, if you happen to live close to a source of running water, you should not hesitate to employ this natural wealth to your benefit by building a hydroelectric station on the premises of the property. Here are the steps you should follow:
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Step 1 – Determine the Water-Penstock Intersection
Before you begin with the actual work on the hydroelectric station, you should locate the most appropriate place along your water source from which water will be transported via the station penstock. Here are a couple of considerations to take into account: the place should be perfectly accessible to you, so as to facilitate the construction process and subsequent maintenance; the place should have a strong current flowing through, e.g., it will funnel your water source into a small stream or will have water descending from rocks; the chosen site should have a steep slope, which will increase the potential energy of the hydroelectric system.
Step 2 – Mount the Penstock
With a shovel and an extra pair of helping hands, dig a channel in which to place the penstock connecting the water source to the hydroelectric power station. A simple rule of thumb: the greater the angle of the penstock, the more kinetic energy the flowing water will have, i.e. the more electricity will be generated.
Step 3 – Set the Turbines
Arrange the turbines in a way that allows the maximum amount of water to pass through them. Construct a channel to lead the water away from the system and back into the water source. It is advisable that you pave this channel with rocks or stone tiles, so as to avoid soil erosion that may damage the foundations of the hydroelectric station.
Step 4 – Build a Protective Structure
Ensure the safety of the hydroelectric system by constructing a protective shed over the penstock and the turbines. Provide space for the deep-cycle batteries.
Step 5 – Install the Electrical Components
Mount the wiring of the hydroelectric system, place the electrical regulator between the turbines and install the deep-cycle batteries in a way that will stop them from overcharging. Connect the batteries to an AC converter which has been installed at home, so that you can use the DC current coming from the hydroelectric station. Fix an outlet and attach it to the AC converter.