How to Grow Clover from Seeds
Clover seeds are an easy way to grow a useful and versatile plant. It makes a pretty accent in a garden or an easy to care for alternative to grass lawns. Some varieties are edible and are used in teas and other boiled preparations. Clover fixes nitrogen in soil without fertilizers rather than using it up. Clover makes a lovely indoor plant, or feel free to plant clover anywhere in your garden or lawn and know you are improving the land.
Step 1 – Prepare the Plant Site
- Beginning Indoors – Begin a few weeks before the weather turns warm in the spring to have your clover ready for planting outdoors, or begin whenever you want for an indoor plant. Prepare well draining trays of sterile potting soil. Rake the soil lightly to provide texture so the seeds will have good soil contact.
- Beginning Outdoors – Begin once the last frost as melted. Remove other plants from where you wish to plant your clover. Rake the soil to provide good soil to seed contact.
Step 4 - Plant the Seeds
- Seeding Indoors – Sprinkle the seeds over the trays. Use 1 tbsp of seeds to cover 1 square foot of tray. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil. Aim for ¼ of soil but do not go deeper than ½ inch or the sprouts will not make it to the surface.
- Seeding Outdoors – Mix the clover seed with some soil to allow for easier distribution. Spread the mix over the ground where you want to grow your clover. Try to ensure a good seed distribution. About 4 seeds per square inch is optimal. Sprinkle a little soil over the seeds to keep them from blowing away, but keep the layer thin so the seedlings can break free.
Step 3 - Add Water
- Watering Indoors – Sprinkle with water until the soil is moist. Keep it that way for the next few weeks as the seeds germinate. One way to keep the soil moist is to cover the tray with a layer of plastic. This layer can be left in place until the seeds sprout and leaves appear. Keep the trays in a shady location for the first week or so until the leaves appear.
- Watering Outdoors – Spray the area with water, using a mist sprayer. A heavier flow will wash the seeds away. Keep the area moist for the first few weeks as the seedlings establish themselves.
Step 4 – Once the Leaves Appear
Indoors – As soon as the leaves appear, move the tray to a sunny location. If the plants grow in a dark location the stems will stretch and the leaves will be small and sparse. The plants will fill out in 6 to 8 weeks.
If you want your clover outside, move them once the weather warms and the roots of the clover begin to appear out of the tray drainage holes. If you want an indoor plant, transplant to a larger pot when the roots begin to appear out the tray drainage holes.
- Outdoors – Clover is drought resistant once it grows in. Water as needed once the shoots have grown leaves. The plants will establish themselves over the next 2 months and reseed for at least 2 to 3 years.