People typically grow fruit trees in pots if they lack of enough outdoor space, soil or climate conditions. Dwarf fruit trees, though small in size, yield fruit the same size as standard fruit trees and are ideal for container gardening. Meyer lemons, dwarf oranges, dwarf bananas, guava, blueberry and fig are among the popular fruit trees people grow in pots. Due to the portability of pots, you can grow your fruit trees almost anywhere provided you look after them well. With these simple steps listed below you can not only grow your own fruit trees in pots but also expect to harvest fruit between the second and third year.
Step 1: Choose A Type of Tree
To begin with, you should choose fruit trees that are best suited to the climate. You will need two trees of different varieties to produce fruit if your tree is not self- pollinating, so make sure you check the type of fruit tree you are selecting with the nurseryman.
Step 2: Choose the Pots
Select which type of pot you want to grow your fruit tree in. Pots of all kinds are available in garden supply stores, such as those made from clay, metal, wood, ceramic and plastic. If portability of the fruit tree is to be taken into consideration, choose a lightweight pot that is easier to move around the apartment. Make sure your pot has good holes for drainage at the bottom so that water does not stand inside the pot causing root rot. You could cover these with screen mesh to prevent the soil from leaking out.
Step 3: Gravel or Small Rocks
Cover the bottom of the container with a few inches of small rocks or gravel to ensure good drainage. Fill the pot three quarters of the way with any commercial potting soil mixed with fertilizer.
Step 4: Plant the tree
Carefully plant the fruit tree into the pot, separating the roots gently so they can grow out into the soil. Continue to add more potting soil until the tree is securely planted in the pot. Your tree will need at least 1 inch of water a week. Try to make the final soil surface 1-4 inches below the rim of the pot. If the trees purchased at a nursery are not immediately planted, keep their roots moist and wrapped to ensure they do not dry out.
Step 4: Provide optimal conditions for your fruit trees to thrive
Make sure your fruit trees receive enough sunlight, and avoid rapid and sudden changes in light exposure. Make sure you provide adequate water to your fruit trees all the time. Good nutrition is very important for pot-grown fruit trees, so plan to fertilize your fruit trees every 6 weeks from early spring to late summer. Re-pot your fruit trees every year or at least every other year to make sure the root system is expanding and it is healthy. Pruning is also essential and should be done at the top and roots every one to two years. If possible, pruning and re-potting should be done at the same time. Apply insecticide or any appropriate repellent to ward off parasites and pests.