The purpose of a rain gutter is to let the rainwater collected during storms drain away from the main structure and the roof of the house. Installing a rain gutter properly and taking regular care of it is essential and can help in protecting your basement from water damage during rainy weather. A functional rain gutter can also save the roof, the external walls of the house and the foundations of the house from getting spoiled during a heavy thunderstorm.
Step 1 - Calculate Slope
Using a line level, you need to calculate the slope of the overhead gutter, which should ideally be no more than 1/4 or 1/2 inch for every 10 feet of the gutter. Use a piece of chalk to draw a line down the length of the fascia board. A lack of uniformity in slope will result in hampered water drainage.
Step 2 - Work on the Ground
The next step is to arrange the gutters on the ground. This step is used to fix in all the necessary parts of the gutter layout, such as the drain outlets and the end caps. One can also use this step to alter the length of the gutters if so required. Working on the ground is recommended, as it reduces the work on scaffolding.
Step 3 - Work on Joints and Seams
The joints and seams need to be riveted and caulked in this step. Seams that lie over one another can be drilled through by using the cordless drill. Pop rivets made of aluminum can be used for attaching portions together. A caulking tool full of silicone caulking can be used for the seams. The caulking should be smoothed out with an edging tool.
Step 4 - Put in Gutter Clamps
Gutter clamps work to fix the gutter into place and hence need to be placed carefully. The clamps have to be attached to the fascia board with screws, a cordless drill, or a set of nails and a hammer. Gutter clamps have to be placed equidistant from one another — 24 inches from each other and 6 inches from the edge is ideal. To ensure that the securing stays functional for a long time, it is advisable to use screws made of noncorrosive materials.
Step 5 - Instal the Gutters
The gutters have to be installed within the clamps attached to the fascia board. It is important to maintain a light touch and minimal pressure on the joints and the caulked seams.
Step 6 - Tighten the Gutters
The last step is to use gutter clamps to hold the mounted gutters tightly in place.
Remember that after the installation of a rain gutter, it is necessary to maintain it so as to prolong its lifespan and usefulness.