How to Install a Tile Patio How to Install a Tile Patio
A tile patio is an attractive alternative to plain concrete. However, tile needs to have a strong foundation, so be sure to put a concrete slab beneath it. The following will provide you with some tips on how to install your own tile patio.
Step 1 – Mark Out the Patio
Use the stakes and string to mark the external dimensions of the patio.
Step 2 – Dig out the Patio
Dig the patio area to a depth of about 8 inches. Make the bottom as level and even as possible.
Step 3 – Build a Shuttering guide for the Concrete Base
The shuttering should be the size of the concrete patio base and about 8 inches deep.
Step 4 – Lay Gravel
Lay two inches of fine gravel within the shuttering. Use a long piece of wood to make it level
Step 5 – Pour Concrete
Cover the gravel with concrete to a depth of about 5 inches. Use a long piece of timber and a level to make the surface level and even.
Step 6 – Allow to Dry
Allow the concrete 48 hours to dry, but sprinkle it with water every 6 or 7 hours.
Step 7 – Lay the Tiles
Mix a stiff mortar to fix the tiles in place. The shuttering will serve as a guide to keep the edge tiles level with the edge of the concrete slab.
Step 8 – The First Tile
Put a good layer of mortar on the cement base in the corner you plan to start. With a notched trowel, cut the mortar into ridges. Lay the tile on top of the mortar tightly into the corner of the shuttering. Press the tile into the mortar and use a rubber mallet and a piece of 4 x 4 timber to tap it home.
Step 9 – Install the Tiles Using Spacers
Install the other tiles using spacers to ensure even spacing.
Step 10 – Cut the Edging Tiles
If it is necessary, cut the tiles for the last rows.
Step – 11 – Apply Grout
Mix the grout and apply it between the tiles, removing the spacers as you go. Grout dries quickly, so remove surplus as you go along with a damp sponge.
Step 12 – Clean up the Grout
There will be dry grout on some of the tiles, but this should brush off quite easily with a brush or dry sponge.
Step 13 – Leave the Patio to Dry Thoroughly
Give the patio 48 hours to dry, then remove the shuttering.
Step 14 – Seal the Tiles
Give the tiles two coats of a good sealant allowing the first coat to dry before applying the second.
Step 15 – Build the Retaining Walls
Build the retaining wall on the base you already created outside the shuttering. Tie the bricks to the concrete base using a stiff mortar mix.
The design of the retaining walls will define the patio and support the patio walls.