How to Install Linoleum Flooring How to Install Linoleum Flooring
Learning how to install linoleum flooring can help you provide an eco-friendly material in the home. Linoleum is made from linseed oil and wood dust, making it a rapidly renewable, all-natural and recycled product. It is a very affordable and durable material. When correctly installed, a linoleum floor can last up to 30 years or more, with careful yet minimal maintenance. It’s also incredibly easy to install, making it a great do-it-yourself project.
What Is Linoleum?
Englishman Frederick Walton invented linoleum in 1860 and patented the formula. He started commercially manufacturing it as a flooring product in 1864, and by 1869 it was available in the United States. Linoleum was considered the best choice for flooring because it was inexpensive and held up well in high traffic areas. It gained popular use in hallways and other passages, but soon found its way to what people know as its most common use – kitchen flooring. Its natural water-resistant properties and resilience made it easy to stand on and low-maintenance.
Step 1 – Preparation
Make sure to remove all baseboards and inspect the sub-floor to ensure it is sturdy and level. Remove any nails or staples because these will eventually poke through your linoleum floor, presenting a possible hazard. If the surface appears to be uneven and rough, cover it with ¼ inch plywood sheeting. Nail or staple the plywood every eight inches on center so you create a level base to install the linoleum.
Step 2 - Acquire Material
Add a buffer of 10 percent to the length and width room measurements taken before buying flooring material. Any material left over after the installation is complete will come in handy later on, when making repairs or replacing damaged tiles.
Step 3 – Find the Center
Snap a chalk line from the center of each wall so where they intersect is in the middle of the room.
Step 4 – Do a Dry Run
Lay dry tiles down, working from the center out toward any wall to determine the final layout. Do not apply adhesive at this point.
Step 5 – Cut Tiles
Using a utility knife, cut any tiles needed to fit along the walls. Also allow for any piping coming up through the sub-floor.
Step 6 – Applying Adhesive
Start applying adhesive and laying tile in small 5-foot square areas after you have determined the layout. Use a circular motion to apply adhesive with a trowel, by picking up the tiles one at a time. After applying the adhesive, press the tile firmly in place before proceeding to the next one. Repeat the process until the entire floor has been installed.
Step 7 – Roll Tile
Use a 100-lb floor roller (rent one from a tool rental center) to ensure a firm and secure installation.
Step 8 – Finish
Complete the project by reinstalling all baseboards and trim.