How to Install Porcelain Floor Tiles How to Install Porcelain Floor Tiles

What You'll Need
Floor tiles
Cement backer boards
Polymer thin-set mortar
Drill with mixing paddle
Notched trowel
Measuring tape
Pencil and square
Tile spacers
Hand level
Rubber mallet
Tile cutter
Safety glasses

Porcelain floor tiles are durable, easy to clean and they can be a great addition to those areas in a house that get a lot of traffic. In addition, porcelain tiles come in a huge variety of sizes and colors and basically they are made from a high pressure compression of dust so that they are totally water resistant. Installation is easier than you might think. Here are some steps to follow in order to install porcelain floor tiles.

Step 1 – Prepare the Base

Before installing the tiles it is important to prepare a solid base of cement backer board. These boards provide a solid base so that the tiles do not crack or break up. Apply a thin layer of mortar and start placing the backer boards until you cover the whole floor.

Step 2 – Mix the Tiles and Take Measurements

Now that the base is ready, pull some of the tiles out of the boxes and mix them with different packages just in case there is a color difference between the boxes. Then mix the mortar in a bucket according to the recommended consistency and use the measuring tape to find the center of the room. It is recommended to start laying the tiles from the center of the room so that the tiles that need cutting will be along the edge.

Step 3 – Apply the Mortar

Start from the cross section in the middle of the room and spread the thin-set mortar by using the trowel. Once the mortar is down, pass over it with the notched side of trowel at a 45-degree angle to create a uniform grid application for the tiles. Then remove any excess mortar with the trowel and place it back in the bucket.

Step 4 – Place the Tiles

Now lay down the tiles according to your measurements. Just put them on the mortar, press slightly and twist while inserting the spacers between the tiles. Keep laying the tiles and if a tile does not stick to the mortar apply some additional thin-set on the back of the tile itself. Periodically check for any high spots using a level and, if necessary, use the rubber mallet to even them up. Hence proceed by placing the tiles and use the tile cutter to cut the edges when necessary. Once finished. leave the mortar to dry for 24 hours.

Step 5 – Grout the Joints

Mix the grout following the manufacturer's instructions until you get a paste-like consistency and apply the grout into the joints using a rubber float. Then move the float diagonally along the joints to remove as much excess as possible. After twenty minutes wipe the grout lines in a circular motion with a wet sponge to give the grout lines a nice clean look. It will take about three weeks for the grout to cure completely.

At this point, you have successfully installed your porcelain tiles; however, avoid heavy traffic for at least 72 hours to give enough time for the floor to settle completely. At the end you should have a nice and durable porcelain floor to complement your home interior.

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