How to Install Rough-in Plumbing for a Bathroom, Part 3
In the first and second part of this series of rough-in plumbing your restroom renovation, you learned how to plan the project and begin installing fixtures for the tub and shower. Now, in “How to Install Rough-In Plumbing for a Bathroom, Part 3,” you can follow the directions below to begin installing the plumbing for your toilet and sink. Since the plumbing should mostly be done, in the form of supply lines and water pipes, installing the toilet and sink is easy.
Step 1 – Secure the Toilet Flange
With the rough plumbing already positioned, measure out 12 inches from the wall to the center of the drain hole for the toilet. Then, secure the toilet flange to the subfloor of the bathroom with 3-inch galvanized screws.
Step 2 – Connect Elbow to the Flange
Connect the ABS elbow to the toilet flange. The ABS elbow should be 3 inches in diameter, and it should have a 90-degree angle.
Step 3 – Rough-In Vent
Using a 1 1/4 inch polyvinyl chloride pipe, or PVC pipe, locate a vent no farther than 5 inches away from the flange. This will travel inside the finished wall. Leave room in this vent for connecting to the vanity and tub.
Step 4 – Install Cold-Water Supply
Using copper piping, install the cold-water supply. Bring the PVC pipe up to 9 1/4 inches above the floor. Then, install a water shut-off valve and a 3/8 inch compression fitting for the flexible pipe to the toilet about 6 inches away from where the toilet will be installed.
Step 5 – Construct Drain for Drop-in Sink
There are two types of sinks that you can use in your bathroom: a drop-in sink or a pedestal sink. A drop-in sink should have a drain that is in the center of the sink and goes to 18 inches above the floor. Use a 1 1/2 inch hub to fit to the 1 1/4 inch drain pipe in the wall.
Step 6 – Assemble P-Trap and Cleanout
Assemble a PVC P-trap and a cleanout underneath the drainpipe to make it easy to clean out any clogs in the future. When finished, you should have made a 1 1/4 inch drainpipe that goes between the waste pipe and the sink.
Step 7 – Add Water-Supply Lines
Using copper supply lines from the hot and cold pipes already in position, make sure the lines are center with the sink faucet and at least 21 inches from the floor. Place 3/8 inch compression fittings on the ends to connect them to the faucet handles.
Step 8 – Install Drain on Pedestal Sink
With a pedestal sink, you must bring the waste-water pipe directly underneath the sink itself. Bring the rough plumbing up to 18 1/2 inches off the floor, and center it with the sink’s drain.
Remember to keep all of the P-Traps and cleanouts close to the drain to keep them hidden within the pedestal.
Step 9 – Install the Water Supply
Bring water-supply tubes up from the wall at a right angle and 18 inches off the floor. Fit it with a 3/8 inch compression fitting on the end. After the rough plumbing is taken care of, make sure the wall has the necessary support to hold the sink upright.