How to Install Shock Absorbers

  • 2-4 hours
  • Intermediate
  • 100-200
What You'll Need
Allen Key
Shock absorbers
Vice grips
Flat-head screwdriver
Floor jack ( keep a spare too)
Jack stands
Pair of rubber gloves

Shock absorbers are considered one of the most essential parts In order to avoid discomfort while traveling in an automobile. It reduces the jolty and bouncy movement of the vehicle. The kinetic energy is absorbed by the piston present in the shock absorber and the additional energy produced during traveling is disintegrated by the air chamber or hydraulic fluid present in the shock absorbers. The mechanism of how the shock absorbers prevent jolts and bounces sounds a bit complex, but installing it is not a tedious task. All you need to do is follow the simple steps described below.

Step 1 – Take Necessary Precautions

Wear a pair of gloves; this will ensure that your hands do not get dirty while installing the shock absorbers. While installing the shock absorbers, make sure they do not interfere with the operating system of the vehicle. Make sure that the shocks are securely screwed to their place. It is always a good idea to have a helping hand while repairing your vehicle because it may sometimes be dangerous.

Step 2 – Using a Floor Jack

Use a floor jack to raise the side of the vehicle where the shock absorber is to be placed. Support vehicle with jack stand. You can even use a hydraulic lift since it is much easier to handle.

Step 3 – Removing the Wheel

Unscrew the lug nuts from the wheel and pull it out. Locate the old shock absorber.

Step 4 – Clearing the Line of the Brake

The brakes may need to be removed in some vehicles. Remove clips or holders that may be attached to the brake line with the help of a flat-head screwdriver. Remove the brakes.

Step 5 – Removing the Nut of the Shock

Carefully remove the top nut of the old shock absorber using vice-grips. Make sure the shaft of the piston does not rotate with it. In order to remove it more easily, pick the nut higher than normal and move the pliers underneath it. Now remove the nut while still holding the threads with the pliers.

Step 6 – Removing the Bushing and Washer

Since the nut has already been removed, the bushing and washer will come off easily. Remove them before commencing to the next step.

Step 7 – Removing the Old Shock Absorber and Fitting the New Shock Absorber

Use a wrench and pull off the shock absorber after the nuts at the bottom have been removed. If it is still not coming off, tap the shock absorber gently with a hammer. Now place the new shock absorber in its place. This will be held in its place with the help of a suspension system. Screw a nut and then a washer temporarily on the shock absorber. This will hold it in its place too. Screw the nuts tightly into place. The nuts at the bottom of the shock absorber should be tightened first. After this has been done, fix the new bushing, washer and nut in their respective places. Place the brakes into their place and fit the clips and holders on them using a screwdriver. After this has been done, replace the tire and screw the lug nuts back on. Remove the floor jack and test the new shock absorber.