How to Make an End Grain Cutting Board Part 1 How to Make an End Grain Cutting Board Part 1

What You'll Need
Hardwood boards
Sandpaper of varying grit
Strong wood adhesive
Food-safe varnish or mineral oil
Timber clamps
Push stick
Table saw
Soft cloth

An end grain cutting board is a lovely wood piece that is generally more durable and scar-resistant than an ordinary board due to its special structure and manner of construction. An end grain board is created from thin blocks of wood glued together with their end fibers facing upward rather than sideways. Unlike long grains, end grains have the ability to return to their initial position once the knife blade is lifted, which prevents the appearance of scars and does not allow for food bacteria to settle. In this way, end grains prolong the service life of the cutting board, which becomes significantly greater than that of long-grain boards. Follow the steps below to begin construction on your end grain cutting board.

For a more interesting pattern you can use wood timbers of different colors, like Purpleheart and white maple or alder and ash.

Step 1 – Cut the Boards

Take two 8/4 hardwood boards and place them on your work table. With a meter tape, pencil and a ruler, divide the boards into 4 pieces with a shared thickness of 1 5/8 inches and length of 15½ inches, and let each piece have a different width: 2¼-inch, 1¾-inch, 1¼-inch and ¾-inch, respectively. Be sure to draw the lines perpendicular, rather than parallel to the long grains.

Place one of the boards on a table saw and, using a push stick to move it down the table, cut along the lines delineated in the preceding paragraph. Repeat the procedure for the second board.

After you are done, you should have 8 pieces of the same length and thickness, but with 4 different widths. Provided that you used boards of different color, 4 of the sticks will share the same tinge, and the other 4 will have a different one.

Step 2 – Dry-fit the Pieces

There are basically two ways to join the pieces of the cutting board together: you can either glue them with a really strong wood adhesive, or you can dry-fit them by using tongue and groove joints. If you choose to do the latter, take your pencil and on the long-grain side of each piece, mark a groove or a tongue in proportion to its width (each groove/ tongue should be about 1/3 of the overall width of the piece).

Cut out the grooves and the tongues using a table saw and a jointer, respectively. If you have difficulties fitting the pieces together, try sanding the joints with 120- or 150-grit sandpaper. Ultimately, the pieces should fit perfectly well together.

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