How to Make Your Own Wooden Floating Wall Shelves How to Make Your Own Wooden Floating Wall Shelves

What You'll Need
Plywood
Poplar
Handsaw or table saw
Glue
Nails
Drill
Cleats

Wooden floating wall shelves add interest and practicality to a room. You may fit them singly or in groups, depending upon how much space you need for your ornaments. You can purchase kits for floating wall shelves in your local hardware store, but you can also make them with some plywood and pieces of poplar or similar wood for the ends.

Step 1 - Cut the Shelves

In order to make the most basic of shelves, you will need to have formed some pieces of plywood into a basic frame. Cut strips of poplar with the table saw. Cut these pieces with dimensions of 1 by 2 inches. These pieces will form the framework of the shelves. You will need two long sides, two short sides and two cross-braces. Once you have the poplar strips, cut plywood large enough to cover the area you wish to be covered by the floating wall shelves.

Step 2 - Glue the Floating Wall Shelves

You should now start gluing the framework together with a suitable wood epoxy. Place your long and short sides into a rectangle shape and glue them into this position. You should then secure them with nails.

Once this frame is dry, nail and secure the cross-braces in the middle of the rectangle. Once these are dry, you can then add the two plywood lengths over the top of your framework. Glue along the edges and nail the wood into position. Spackle the nail holes or paint the wood and varnish as you wish.

Step 3 - Hang the Cleats

Now add your cleats to the wall. Use a stud finder to locate and mark any studs. You should then mark out the cleats, which are usually metal shelving devices which will support your floating wall shelves. You can mark out the ideal position for these studs with either a pencil or painter's tape. Ensure that your cleats are completely level before you screw them into the wall.

Step 4 - Install the Floating Wall Shelves

Once your floating wall shelves are completely dry, you can install them upon the cleats. You may need a friend to help you lift the shelves into position. Make some screw holes of the right measurements on the back of the shelves; then add the extended screws to your cleat. Lift the shelves up and, using the pre-drilled holes, position your shelves onto the cleats and knock them gently into place with a hammer. You can then screw the shelves more tightly into the wall by driving screws downward through the top of the shelf and the top of the cleat. Or you could secure them by adding a block of wood under each back corner of the shelves.

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