A black cherry tree provides a good amount of fruit that can be enjoyed by your whole family. Cherries are delicious and easy to grow, and if you want to start a cherry tree farm, planting the saplings is not difficult to achieve.
Black cherry trees belong to the Rosaceae Rose family. They are also called wild black cherry, rum, and chokecherry. The tree grows wild, especially in drained, sandy, or rocky soil. Its blooms in the spring are white flowers with five petals ¼ inch in diameter. The fruit becomes available between June and October. Cherry tree wood is close to Black Walnut for furniture construction.
Step 1 - Find a Location
The first step is to find a good location for your tree farm. Make sure the area has plenty of sunlight and rich soil. Never plant new cherry trees in a location that previously contained cherry trees, as most of the soil's essential nutrients will be gone. Also, select a site that has good drainage.
Step 2 - Plant the Trees
When planting more than one cherry tree of a standard size, place each tree between 20 and 30 feet apart. Smaller trees should be placed about 8 to 12 feet apart. Proper spacing ensures that each cherry tree receives enough sun and soil nutrients. Add mulch, leaving about ½ foot between the mulch layer and the trunk.
As the trees grow, keep an eye on them by checking soil content. The soil should be on the acidic side. You can add fertilizer in the spring before the tree blossoms.
Step 3 - Prune
Pruning is an important part of the growing process with cherry trees. You have to prune black cherry trees in order to keep them healthy and disease-free and produce the maximum amount of fruit.
Planting a cherry farm means you will get to enjoy a full harvest of cherries every year. Keep in mind that cherry trees do not begin to produce fruit until their third growing season. When harvesting the cherries, don't damage the part of the branch that attaches to the tree, as this may cause permanent damage.
Common pests that affect cherry trees include aphids, borers, and tent caterpillars. Some diseases include canker and leaf spot.
When planting a black cherry tree farm, keep in mind that cherry trees can grow quite large. Sometimes they can reach up to 100 feet tall. The average height is 50 feet. The tree can spread from 25-30 feet.
Cherry trees need a lot of sun, so choose a location that isn't too shady, however, the trees can take partial shade. Sunny areas promote growth of about 4 to 5 feet per year. Plant the trees in deep soil. When digging a hole, make sure you dig deep enough to accommodate the roots, removing nearby weeds and plants.
Water the plants for the first few weeks to keep the soil moist. Once the cherry trees are established, they require little maintenance.