Almond trees grow in terrain similar to other fruit and nut trees, and have deep roots that make them resistant to drought conditions. To grow almond trees, condition the soil for fertility, and make sure the soil acidity is within a normal range. After that, give it plenty of sunlight and protect it from disease and insects, and it will do well.
Step 1: Where to Plant Almond Trees
Plant almond trees in the spring, when plants are starting to put on buds. Make sure that there is no danger of a hard freeze or frost. Almond trees prefer full sunlight and are tolerant of low moisture, so they are idea for planting on hills or rises. Almond trees do not grow well in places with long winters, but can be grown indoors. An indoor tree may not produce nuts, but it has been known to happen in certain conditions.
Step 2: Soil Conditioning
To condition the soil, mix together:
- 1 part sand
- 2 parts sifted compost
- 1 cup cotton seed meal
Mix it into the soil where the tree will grow. This provides a ready mixture of basic plant nutrients to help the tree quickly acclimate to the new location. If you suspect a high soil acidity, add 1 cup of lime or gypsum to the fertilizer mix.
Step 3: Saturate Before Planting
Before tree planting, dig out the hole where the root ball will be placed and fill it with water. This completely soaks the area around the roots, making more nutrients available in the soil. In arid conditions, repeat this process until it takes more than 1 minute for the water to be completely absorbed. Drenching the surrounding soil will prevent it from leaching moisture away from the tree roots before they have a chance to become acclimated.
Step 4: Planting the Tree
Place the tree in the hole, and use the prepared soil to fill in around it. Pack the soil firmly. Use your foot to tamp the soil down.
Be careful to keep the tree turned the way you want it to face, and that you do not cause it to lean when tamping the soil. If necessary, install stakes outside the perimeter of the tree, and tie guide wires to it to hold it up. These guides should be removed within 7 days. If the tree is not stable by that time, you may need to do additional tamping or positioning.
Step 5: Plant Nutrition and Protection
Use the remaining soil to create a low wall around the hole. Add inch of sifted compost, and cover it with 2 inches of organic mulch. At any time you want to add fertilizer, just remove the mulch and add more.