Area rugs, especially ones made of wool, are prone to shedding. While new wool rugs of any type will shed for a little while, depending on how the wool was spun, some rugs may continue to shed for months. You can't stop a wool area rug from shedding.
The rug's natural fibers create long strands of material that are difficult to weave. Eventually, stray fibers will work their way loose and shed from the rug after people walk on it. However, there are some steps you can take to lessen the shedding.
Step 1 - Use a Rug Pad
To slow down shedding, use a good rug pad to absorb some of the impact. A good-quality rug will stop shedding after several months, especially with a rug pad. However, if the rug continues to shed after six months or more, you might have a quality issue.
Step 2 - Place in a Low-Traffic Area
If the rug is expensive, place it in a low-traffic area to reduce shedding. Not all rugs, especially those made by hand, were designed to be walked on. Many rugs, in fact, are made to be used as wall hangings. If you want your rug to last longer, consider hanging it on the wall as decor.
Step 3 - Clean Gently
Do not try to use any form of cleaners on a shedding wool rug. However you can keep your wool rug clean by using a low-pressure vacuum cleaner on it. If there is any grime on the rug, lift it off of the floor and gently shake it to leave any dust or grime behind. If there is a significant amount of dirt or grime, have it dry-cleaned by a professional cleaner.
Wool area rugs should last for years to come. If your rug continues shedding past a few months, contact your supplier.