How to Remove Toxins from Reclaimed Water How to Remove Toxins from Reclaimed Water
Also called recycled water, reclaimed water is derived from treating wastewater and sewage at the appropriate facilities, removing solids and impurities. Although not potable, reclaimed water is widely used for irrigation, fire suppression and to help replenish aquifers. There is some debate as to the health risks associated with using reclaimed water. Despite being fully treated with chlorine and other filtration methods, bacteria such as Giardia and cryptosporidium survive the treatment, posing a risk to humans. Removing those toxins from reclaimed requires an additional filtration method.
Step 1: Filter with Reverse Osmosis
A reverse osmosis filtration system is one of the most comprehensive available. The process of reverse osmosis uses pressure to separate contaminated water from clean water with a special membrane between the chambers. Reverse osmosis systems are very effective at removing virtually every foreign particle from water, resulting in something akin to distilled water.
Step 2: Use Ultraviolet Light
Another effective method for destroying viruses, pathogens, bacteria and any living microorganism is with ultraviolet light. Contaminated water through a chamber containing a quartz element that houses the UV light. The ultraviolet radiation destroys all living organisms in the water.
Step 3: Test the Water
After the UV treatment, test the water for pathogens. This is the only way to be sure that reclaimed water has been effectively decontaminated.