A faulty ceiling fan can be due to a problem with your ceiling fan wire. If there is a problem, it’s better to see if you can fix it rather than going out and spending money on a brand new fan.
Step 1 - Is It The Wire?
The first thing is to establish whether the problem really is in the ceiling fan wire? To find out, start by checking the fuse or the circuit breaker. If the breaker has been tripped or the fuse blown, replace and try the ceiling fan again. If it still won’t work, with the breaker off, remove the cover plate on the switch and the screws that secure it in place. This way you can pull out the switch and check that the wires are fully connected to the terminal or that there are no breaks in the wire.
Step 2 - Removing the Fan
To be able to access the ceiling fan wire, you need to take the fan off the ceiling. Make sure the power to the ceiling fan is off. Secure the stepladder with the arm locked so that it can’t move and climb up. Unscrew the screws holding the fan in its mount on the ceiling and gently lower it to the top of the stepladder.
Step 3 - Check the Wire
With your ceiling fan in front of you, you’ll be able to check the wires. What you should find is that the black wire from the fan connects to the black wire from the ceiling. The bare copper wire will connect to the green wire for the ground. The white wire from the ceiling will connect to the white wire from the fans. These connections should all be made with wire connectors.
One by one, unscrew each wire connector and check how firmly the wires are connected. You can fix a loose connection by wrapping the bare wires of the same colour together and then fastening with the wire connector. After using the connector on the ceiling fan wire, give extra protection by wrapping each connector in electrician’s tape.
Step 4 - Broken Wire
Look for any breaks in the ceiling fan wire along the parts that are visible. If you find one, cut the wire at that point. You’ll need to cut the other wires to the same length. Strip away about ½ inch of the insulation away from all the wires where you’ve cut them. You don’t need to cut too much. Wrap each ceiling fan wire around the bare wire of its counterpart—black to black, and so on—and then secure the connection with a wire connector. Wrap each connector in electrician’s tape.
Step 5 - Finishing
Put the ceiling fan back in place, ensuring no wires are twisted in the ceiling cavity. Drive the screw back into the ceiling mount. With the wall switch completely reassembled, turn the breaker back on. Switch the ceiling fan on to test it.